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Live auction - bgr_777118 - CARIA - CARIAN ISLANDS - RHODES Tétradrachme

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live-auctionLive starting :
2022/12/06 14:00:00
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Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 201-190 AC.
Mint name / Town : Rhodes, Carie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 30,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 16,91 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Très bel exemplaire sur un flan large, idéalement centré. Joli revers, finement détaillé. Beau portrait, bien venu à la frappe. Patine grise avec de légers reflets dorés
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste imberbe d'Alexandre le Grand sous les traits d'Héraklès à droite, coiffé de la léonté.


Reverse description : Zeus aétophore assis à gauche sur un trône avec dossier, nu jusqu'à la ceinture, les jambes croisées, tenant de la main droite un aigle et de la gauche, un sceptre long ; dans le champ inférieur à gauche, un monogramme et une rose.
Reverse legend : ALECANDROU // RO.
Reverse translation : (d’Alexandre/ de Rhodes).

Historical background


(III - II century BC)

Coining the name and type of Alexander III the Great

Helios or Apollo was the chief deity of Caria and Rhodes. The city, the federal capital, was founded in 408 BC, the date of minting. Rhodes was besieged by Demetrius Poliorcetes in 305 BC It was a failure. The Rhodians thanked the patron god raising a statue at the entrance of the port. Chares of Lindos built the Colossus of Rhodes between 292 and 284 BC It was one of the seven wonders of the world. 33 meters high, it was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BC An oracle prohibited Rhodians to rebuild. On the reverse, the rose, Greek rodion is a linguistic symbol of the city and to assign this tetradrachm. It is possible that this coinage was made to settle a tribute to Antiochus III did not use the Rhodian standard, which could explain the relatively low manufacturing time, Rhodes ally of Rome finally emancipating the Seleucid guardianship after 188 BC.

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