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bgr_431424 - CALABRIA - TARAS Diobole

CALABRIA - TARAS Diobole XF
110.00 €(Approx. 121.00$ | 97.90£)
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Type : Diobole
Date: c. 380-325 AC.
Mint name / Town : Tarente,Calabre
Metal : silver
Diameter : 12 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 1,13 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan bien centré à l’usure régulière. Patine gris foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête d'Athéna (Minerve) à droite, coiffée du casque attique à cimier orné du skylla.

Reverse


Reverse description : Héraklès (Hercule) agenouillé à droite, étranglant le lion de Némée, une petite chouette au-dessus de la crinière du lion ; dans le champ à gauche, une massue.

Commentary


Ce type semble plus rare que ne le laissent supposer les ouvrages généraux. Exemplaire de très beau style.
Ce monnayage est frappé sur l'étalon italo-tarentin avec un nomos dont le poids théorique est de 8,00 g. Cette diobole appartient à une phase de fabrication monétaire relativement ancienne correspondant à la période III d'Evans (380-345 avant J.-C.).

Historical background


CALABRIA - Taranto

(380-345 BC)

Architas strategist (380-360 avant J.-C.)

From 380 BC, for Taranto found themselves in the hands of Archytas of Tarentum (460-360 BC), a Pythagorean philosopher, friend of Plato, mathematician, astronomer, politician and general who was placed seven times at the head of his city. It gives the inventor of the screw, pulley, rattle and kite. Horace dedicated an ode to him. The Panhellenic Foundation Thurium in 443 BC gave rise to a conflict that was against Taranto in Athens for more than thirty years. The two rival cities had finally found Heraclea, however Tarentine under influence. Tarentines eventually impose on cities Metaponto and Siris. Archytas in the first half of the fourth century BC, became the strategist italiote confederation whose capital was Heraclea and which included, in addition to Taranto, Metaponto and Thurii, Crotone, Velia and Naples. This period Tarentine hegemony ended with the death of Archytas and was the starting point for interventions general mercenaries as Archidamus of Sparta, Alexander the Molossian or Pyrrhus of Epirus.

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