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Live auction - bpv_418306 - BRITANNICUS Assarion

BRITANNICUS Assarion AU
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Estimate : 550 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 14:37:03
Type : Assarion
Date: c. 50-54
Mint name / Town : Smyrne, Ionie
Metal : copper
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,99 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan bien centré des deux côtés. Belle tête enfantine de Britannicus. Revers de style fin. Très jolie patine marron foncé
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection du Docteur S.

Obverse


Obverse description : Tête nue de Britannicus (O°).
Obverse legend : ZMUR.

Reverse


Reverse description : Niké (Victoria) marchant à gauche, tenant un trophée de la main gauche reposant sur l’épaule.
Reverse legend : EPI FILIST/OU/ EIKADIO/S.
Reverse translation : (de Philistos et Eikadios).

Commentary


Magistrats Philistos et Eikadios (50-54). Les auteurs du Roman Provincial Coinage ont relevé un poids moyen de 3,80 g pour 76 exemplaires avec 17 coins de droit et 45 coins de revers soit un très bon indice caractéroscopique. Ce type est attribué à Britannicus, mais aussi parfois donné à Néron César. .

Historical background


BRITANNICUS

(+55 AD)

In third weddings, Claude had married Valeria Messalina (25-48), the granddaughter of Octavie, the sister of Auguste who was executed in 48 for sacrilege because she had married her lover while she was still married to Claude , according to Suetonius. She had given two children to the emperor: Tiberius Claudius Britannicus, born in 41. Called Germanicus, his name was changed after his father had conquered Brittany in 42. After the death of his mother, he fell into disgrace and Claudius favored Nero, the son of his fourth wife Agrippina, whom he adopted in 50. Claudius' reversal in favor of his eldest son may have led to the assassination of the emperor by his wife in 54. The following year, Britannicus, according to Suetonius, was poisoned by his half-brother, Nero. He may have simply been the victim of an epileptic seizure. As for Octavia, the sister of Britannicus (40-62), she was betrothed to Nero, the son of Agrippina in 53. The marriage the following year was unhappy and finally, Octavia was assassinated in 62 to allow Nero to marry Poppea.

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