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fjt_928608 - BRITTANY (STATES OF...) États de Rennes 1770

BRITTANY (STATES OF...)  États de Rennes AU
50.00 €(Approx. 54.50$ | 42.00£)
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Type : États de Rennes
Date: 1770
Metal : silver
Diameter : 28 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 6,53 g.
Edge : cannelée
Coments on the condition:
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : LUD. XV. REX. - CHRISTIANISS..
Obverse description : Buste lauré à droite, avec col de tunique, sans signature.
Obverse translation : (Louis XV roi très chrétien).


Reverse legend : JETON DES ETATS DE BRETAGNE 1770.
Reverse description : Écu couronné écartelé aux 1 et 4 de France, aux 2 et 3 de Bretagne, sur un manteau semé de fleurs de lis et de larmes.


Un seul type de jeton est connu de Daniel (ce numéro) mais un exemplaire avec signature sous le buste au droit est signalé par M. Soullard et reçoit le numéro 120 bis. On note que le revers porte des larmes de deuil et non des hermines, Daniel suggère que ce changement est lié à l’affaire de La Chalotais et à ses conséquences.

Historical background


Brittany was, of all the French provinces, the one where the monarchy best respected local privileges and particularities.. Its union only dated back to 1532 and its states were the most turbulent in the kingdom.. Their agreement was necessary for any raising of funds and the execution of all the edicts even sovereigns. They were held every two years. The three orders were represented there with bishops, abbots, representatives of the cities and especially many nobles (six to seven hundred) who generally imposed their will on the others, although the vote was done by order.. The nobles and squires formed what was called the "bastion", tyrannizing the rest of the assembly and were especially attracted by parties and meals.. The main resource of the provincial budget was provided by the "duties", very productive tax on drinks but also the fouage or size on the "fire". Despite these revenues, the administration of the States of Brittany was nevertheless expensive and on the eve of the Revolution, the States were in debt of fifty million pounds. The States have produced about 150 different tokens, intended to be offered to members of its administration as a gratuity: 100 for each president, 50 for each auditor, etc.. .

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