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fjt_059026 - BURGUNDY (STATES OF...) Jeton AR 28, naissance du petit-fils de Louis XIV 1682

BURGUNDY (STATES OF...) Jeton AR 28, naissance du petit-fils de Louis XIV XF
145.00 €(Approx. 159.50$ | 121.80£)
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Type : Jeton AR 28, naissance du petit-fils de Louis XIV
Date: 1682
Metal : silver
Diameter : 28,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 7,15 g.
Edge : lisse
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Manque de patine au revers de haut en bas
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : .COMITIA - BVRGVNDIÆ..
Obverse description : Armes de Bourgogne sur un manteau d’hermines.
Obverse translation : (États de Bourgogne).

Reverse


Reverse legend : NOSTRVM. VNI. EX. SVPERIS. NOMEN..
Reverse description : Un bélier sur le zodiaque ; à l’exergue : .1682..
Reverse translation : Un des dieux porte mon nom.

Commentary


En 1682, le petit-fils de Louis XIV naquit à Versailles le 6 août. Les Élus qui se trouvaient à Paris en ce moment s'empressèrent de faire allusion à cet heureux événement. Le roi étant le soleil, ils crurent ne pouvoir mieux faire que de représenter le premier signe du zodiaque, Aries ou le bélier. La devise fut une étrange flatterie : Un des Dieux porte mon nom. Le jeton de 1682 fut gravé au mois d'octobre par F. Chéron, graveur des médailles du roi. Il reçut 8.221 liv. 16 sols, savoir : 3.722 liv. 2 s. 6 d., pour 200 jetons d'or destinés au prince de Condé et au duc d'Enghien ; 4.117 liv. 16 s. 4 d., pour 121 marcs 5 gros d'argent, à raison de 34 liv. le marc, y compris la façon. Plus, pour 90 bourses de cuivre de 100 jetons chacune, à raison de 3 liv. la bourse ; plus 100 liv. pour la façon des coins et 12 liv. pour les vins aux ouvriers qui monnayèrent les jetons. Les bourses furent fournies par H. Tresneau, et coûtèrent 392 l. 10 s..

Historical background


BURGUNDY (STATEMENTS OF ...)

States of Burgundy have been several studies Rossignol 1851; Preux in ASFN in 1867 and Fontenay, Manual amateur chip 1854 which we borrow many chips as well as descriptions of the following comments: "States of Burgundy voted taxes, aids and subsidies. The province regulated economic administration in general assemblies, and after the sessions, performing votes belonged to General Elect taken in all ranks of society and whose conduct was censured by each triennalité special and independent commissioners. The Elect were the distribution of taxes, and they called it right all their officers, ordered public buildings and repairs of highways, settled raising and spending of militias operated winding steps, the award of grants on the Saône and held in their hands the important direction of floods on the salt could not bring in Burgundy without their approval. The people were not brought out of their jurisdiction. States had the right to redeem their finances while office in charge of the country, the king could not create new ones without the consent of the province, and even fewer have the province without his consent. (. . . ) A few words will suffice to give an idea of ​​the organization of the States of Burgundy. They consisted of three social positions or three orders of society, the clergy, the nobility and the Third Estate. The first was the wisdom, light and goodness, the second strength, glory and grandeur, the third industry, trade and agriculture. We could not find anything more accurate and more comprehensive. Digital inequality disappeared three orders for the vote: the solemn moment of the decision, there were only three votes, and the Third, who would have been insignificant if we had counted by heads, had the power to tip the balance towards where she wanted. Representation of power was complemented by the presence of the United States sent to the Duc and later those of Her Majesty. The Elected the first task was to ensure a special way the interests of the ducal crown and build on everything that was happening in the financial administration. Under the monarchy, the king still supported the Parliament whose president was speaking at the opening of the States to support the demands of the crown, he had more the steward and the governor of the province, then the Chamber of Accounts whose Masters were more accustomed than the person handling fees. After a one-month session, the General Assembly left to run the country for three years, a small meeting room or general Elected composed as she, elements concerned, that is to say, belonging to three orders. The Chosen King, two members of the Chamber of Accounts, General Treasurer and the intendant of the province had the right to enter for the crown, as the two Secretaries of States, but no voting. The Chosen of the Nobility was only elected and those of the Clergy and the Third came alternately in the House. The Church provided a bishop sometimes, sometimes a priest, now dean of the province in turn. The representative of the Third Estate was successively a mayor of one of the fourteen cities listed on the Ferris wheel, and privilege, the Order still had his baby chair, the mayor of Dijon. Small towns and the canons and the priors were not deprived of their share of power, because it is within them that was recruited most of the alcaldes. Alcaldes were a Censorship Board who sought further useful things to offer to the country and oversaw the operations of the big wheel. They composed a supreme council to protect the province against error, negligence, ill-will or ambition of its directors. In sum, the great council was held by the small.

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