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fjt_454314 - BURGUNDY (STATES OF...) États de Bourgogne 1743

BURGUNDY (STATES OF...) États de Bourgogne AU
190.00 €(Approx. 209.00$ | 161.50£)
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Type : États de Bourgogne
Date: 1743
Metal : silver
Diameter : 29,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 9,52 g.
Edge : cannelée
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : LUD. XV. REX - CHRISTIANISS..
Obverse description : Buste à droite de Louis XV portant tresse longue qui revient sous le buste avec sur la tranche de l’épaule la signature DU VIVIER suivie de la date 1743, type Guéant Prieur 570E.
Obverse translation : Louis XV, roi très chrétien.

Reverse


Reverse legend : COMITIA BURGUNDIÆ 1743..
Reverse description : Armes de Bourgogne sur un manteau d’hermines.
Reverse translation : États de Bourgogne.

Commentary


Fontenay poursuit : “La paix de Vienne ne fut pas de longue durée, et alors le roi tressant ses cheveux endosse la cuirasse”. Buste rare.

Historical background


BURGUNDY (STATEMENTS OF ...)

States of Burgundy have been several studies Rossignol 1851; Preux in ASFN in 1867 and Fontenay, Manual amateur chip 1854 which we borrow many chips as well as descriptions of the following comments: "States of Burgundy voted taxes, aids and subsidies. The province regulated economic administration in general assemblies, and after the sessions, performing votes belonged to General Elect taken in all ranks of society and whose conduct was censured by each triennalité special and independent commissioners. The Elect were the distribution of taxes, and they called it right all their officers, ordered public buildings and repairs of highways, settled raising and spending of militias operated winding steps, the award of grants on the Saône and held in their hands the important direction of floods on the salt could not bring in Burgundy without their approval. The people were not brought out of their jurisdiction. States had the right to redeem their finances while office in charge of the country, the king could not create new ones without the consent of the province, and even fewer have the province without his consent. (. . . ) A few words will suffice to give an idea of ​​the organization of the States of Burgundy. They consisted of three social positions or three orders of society, the clergy, the nobility and the Third Estate. The first was the wisdom, light and goodness, the second strength, glory and grandeur, the third industry, trade and agriculture. We could not find anything more accurate and more comprehensive. Digital inequality disappeared three orders for the vote: the solemn moment of the decision, there were only three votes, and the Third, who would have been insignificant if we had counted by heads, had the power to tip the balance towards where she wanted. Representation of power was complemented by the presence of the United States sent to the Duc and later those of Her Majesty. The Elected the first task was to ensure a special way the interests of the ducal crown and build on everything that was happening in the financial administration. Under the monarchy, the king still supported the Parliament whose president was speaking at the opening of the States to support the demands of the crown, he had more the steward and the governor of the province, then the Chamber of Accounts whose Masters were more accustomed than the person handling fees. After a one-month session, the General Assembly left to run the country for three years, a small meeting room or general Elected composed as she, elements concerned, that is to say, belonging to three orders. The Chosen King, two members of the Chamber of Accounts, General Treasurer and the intendant of the province had the right to enter for the crown, as the two Secretaries of States, but no voting. The Chosen of the Nobility was only elected and those of the Clergy and the Third came alternately in the House. The Church provided a bishop sometimes, sometimes a priest, now dean of the province in turn. The representative of the Third Estate was successively a mayor of one of the fourteen cities listed on the Ferris wheel, and privilege, the Order still had his baby chair, the mayor of Dijon. Small towns and the canons and the priors were not deprived of their share of power, because it is within them that was recruited most of the alcaldes. Alcaldes were a Censorship Board who sought further useful things to offer to the country and oversaw the operations of the big wheel. They composed a supreme council to protect the province against error, negligence, ill-will or ambition of its directors. In sum, the great council was held by the small.

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