Obverse legend : +L V (...) S MO.
Obverse description : Tête stylisée à droite, une petite croisette devant le visage ; légende autour.
Reverse legend : + RAS (...).
Reverse description : Croix formée de cinq globules dans un grènetis de grosses perles, cantonnée d’un globule dans chaque canton (?) ; légende autour.
Bourges (CHER) - BETOREGAS (CIVITAS BITVRIGVM)
(Late seventh - the early eighth century)
Once Avaricum conquered the ancient city was rebuilt in Roman style with a square plan and many monumental complexes: monumental gate, aqueducts, baths and amphitheater. Many villas were built and the city will reach a size greater than that of the Middle Ages. Thereafter, during the barbarian invasions, the city folds in on itself and a Gallo-Roman wall was built with the remains of government buildings dismantled. Bourges also became the seat of an archbishopric, to which the dioceses of Albi, Cahors, Clermont, Mende, Puy-en-Velay, Rodez, Saint-Flour and Tulle. The Diocese is one of the very first to be founded by Saint Ursin during the first crusades of Gaul to the fourth century. Thus the diocese gets privileges and archbishops of Bourges become Primate of Aquitaines and Patriarch of the Roman Church. From the Middle Ages these prerogatives are challenged in particular by the archbishops of Bordeaux and is now no longer an honorary. The Merovingian period leaves little trace. The city, which was within the kingdom of Aquitaine, is taken by Charles Martel in 731, then immediately picked up by Eudes of Aquitaine. Pépin the first stormed in 762, destroyed its walls and integration to the royal domain in the custody of his counts. Sources: Wikipedia.