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bga_329401 - GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Statère à la victoire ailée et à l’oiseau sous le cheval, fourré

GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Statère à la victoire ailée et à l’oiseau sous le cheval, fourré VF/XF
750.00 €(Approx. 900.00$ | 652.50£)
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Type : Statère à la victoire ailée et à l’oiseau sous le cheval, fourré
Date: c. 60-50 AC.
Metal : electrum
Diameter : 18,5 mm
Orientation dies : 8 h.
Weight : 4,91 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Statère bien identifiable, sur un flan un peu court et ovale, avec un avers décentré et de frappe molle et un revers centré mais un peu mou. Le flan semble fourré, avec des éclats de la pellicule d’or visibles au revers
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête à droite, la chevelure bouclée.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Bige à droite, une victoire ailée au-dessus et un oiseau de face, les ailes déployées, entre les jambes.

Commentary


Le seul autre exemplaire de cette série que nous avons eu en vente est le bga_239452 de CELTIC III.
Ce statère d’électrum appartient à la série 1073 du Nouvel Atlas, “Les types à la Victoire ailée”, type II à l’oiseau sous le cheval.
Dans son ouvrage sur les monnaies du Berry, D. Nash illustrait la monnaie BN 4591 avec avers et revers à droite, comme notre exemplaire.

Historical background


Bituriges CUBES (Area of ​​Bourges)

(Second - first century BC)

Bituriges Cubes were one of the most powerful nations of the Celtic. Their territory extended over a portion of Bourbonnais, Touraine and Berry, the current departments of Cher, Indre and part of the Allier. Their capital was the oppidum Avaricum (Bourges). Loire separated Aedui and Carnutes. They also had neighbors Pictones the Lemovices and Arverni. According to the account of Livy, the king of Bituriges Ambigat reigned throughout the unified Gaul in the sixth century before J. C-. and had sent his two nephews, and Bellovesus Sigovesus, one in Italy and one in the East, found the Gallic Empire a century later, extended over Britain, Central Europe (except Switzerland), northern Italy and the greater part of the Danube. Before the Gallic Wars, Bituriges were customers Éduens and a contingent of Boii was installed on their territory. Their main wealth came from livestock and iron mines that had brought wealth and prosperity. In 52 J. C-. , They supported Vercingetorix. They were defeated at Genabum (Orléans) by Caesar. Vercingetorix pushed to practice the technique of scorched earth. And they destroyed more than twenty oppida but refused the same to their capital, Avaricum (Bourges). Caesar besieged the oppidum, defended by thirty thousand and ten thousand allies Bituriges. The city was taken and burned, only eight hundred soldiers were able to escape, while the garrison and population were massacred. Caesar found abundant reserves which enabled him to spend the winter and prepare for the campaign next spring. However, Bituriges have provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army of the Gallic coalition during the siege of Alesia. Early 51 before J. C-. Caesar led a new campaign in Bituriges who submitted very quickly. A few weeks later, they intervened to Caesar to fight against Carnutes. Caesar (BG. I, 18, VII, 5, 8, 9, 11-13, 15, 21, 29, 75, 90, VIII, 2, 3, 4, 11). Strabo (G. IV, 2). Livy (HR. V, 34, 35). Pliny (HN. , IV. 109). Ptolemy (G. II, 7). Kruta: 68-70, 145, 186-187, 212-213, 240, 334, 344, 360.

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