bga_854863 - GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Potin au taureau chargeant
100.00 €(Approx. 110.00$ | 87.00£)
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Type : Potin au taureau chargeant
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Metal : potin
Diameter : 18,5 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 4 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Flan bien centré, de forme irrégulière. Beau droit, bien venu à la coulée. Revers un peu plus usé. Patine sombre
Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête à gauche, la calotte crânienne très développée et le cou bifide et l'œil marqué devant le front par un globule.
Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Taureau chargeant à droite, sur une ligne d‘exergue.
GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges)
(2nd - 1st century BC)
The Bituriges Cubes were one of the most powerful peoples of the Celtic. Their territory extended over part of Bourbonnais, Touraine and Berry, the current departments of Cher, Indre and part of Allier. Their capital was the oppidum of Avaricum (Bourges). The Loire separated them from the Aedui and the Carnutes. They also had for neighbors the Pictons, the Lémovices and the Arvernes. According to the account of Livy, the king of Bituriges, Ambigat would have reigned over the whole of unified Gaul in the 6th century BC.. -VS. and would have sent his two nephews, Bellovèse and Sigovèse, one to Italy, the other to the East, to found the Gallic Empire which, a century later, extended over Great Britain, central Europe (except Switzerland), northern Italy and most of the Danube. Before the Gallic Wars, the Bituriges would have been the clients of the Aedui and a contingent of Boii would have been installed on their territory.. Their main wealth came from animal husbandry and iron mining which had brought them wealth and prosperity.. In 52 BC. -VS. , they supported Vercingetorix. They were defeated at Genabum (Orleans) by Caesar. Vercingetorix encouraged them to practice the scorched earth technique. They thus destroyed more than twenty oppida, but refused the same fate to their capital, Avaricum (Bourges). Caesar came to besiege the oppidum, defended by thirty thousand Bituriges and ten thousand allies. The city was taken and burned, only eight hundred soldiers were able to escape, while the garrison and the population were massacred.. Caesar found there abundant reserves which enabled him to spend the winter and prepare the campaign for the following spring.. Nevertheless, the Bituriges would still have provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army of the Gallic coalition, during the siege of Alésia. At the beginning of 51 BC. -VS. , Caesar led a new campaign among the Bituriges who submitted very quickly. A few weeks later, they intervened with Caesar to fight against the Carnutes. Caesar (BG. I, 18; VII, 5, 8, 9, 11-13, 15, 21, 29, 75, 90, VIII, 2, 3, 4, 11). Strabo (G. IV, 2). Livy (HR. V, 34, 35). Pliny (HN. , IV. 109). Ptolemy (G. II, 7). Kruta: 68-70, 145, 186-187, 212-213, 240, 334, 344, 360.
GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Denier au glaive et au pentagramme VF/VF