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E-auction 365-278110 - GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Potin au taureau chargeant

GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Potin au taureau chargeant VF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 75 €
Price : 27 €
Maximum bid : 29 €
End of the sale : 13 April 2020 14:03:30
bidders : 7 bidders
Type : Potin au taureau chargeant
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Metal : potin
Diameter : 18,5 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 3,57 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Usure importante mais exemplaire identifiable. Monnaie nettoyée
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête à gauche, la calotte crânienne très développée et le cou bifide et l'œil marqué devant le front par un globule.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Taureau chargeant à droite, sur une ligne d‘exergue.

Commentary


Ce potin est entre le DT. 3209 attribué aux Eduens et le DT. 3503 attribué aux Bituriges.
L'appellation d'H. Patat pour ce potin est Potin au taureau chargeant "Loire moyenne" 1. Si l'attribution est plutôt biturige, il semblerait qu'ils circulèrent jusqu'au sud de la Touraine. Cet exemplaire est très particulier, avec l'œil fortement marqué par un globule devant le front. Il se rapproche du potin n° 672 du musée de Lyon (qui est dans un piteux état).
L'exemplaire 3209 du Nouvel Atlas classé aux Eduens (?) pourrait être le prototype de notre potin, largement plus stylisé. En ce qui concerne les potins proches de celui proposé ici, les provenances militeraient plutôt pour une attribution aux Bituriges.

Historical background


Bituriges CUBES (Area of ​​Bourges)

(Second - first century BC)

Bituriges Cubes were one of the most powerful nations of the Celtic. Their territory extended over a portion of Bourbonnais, Touraine and Berry, the current departments of Cher, Indre and part of the Allier. Their capital was the oppidum Avaricum (Bourges). Loire separated Aedui and Carnutes. They also had neighbors Pictones the Lemovices and Arverni. According to the account of Livy, the king of Bituriges Ambigat reigned throughout the unified Gaul in the sixth century before J. C-. and had sent his two nephews, and Bellovesus Sigovesus, one in Italy and one in the East, found the Gallic Empire a century later, extended over Britain, Central Europe (except Switzerland), northern Italy and the greater part of the Danube. Before the Gallic Wars, Bituriges were customers Éduens and a contingent of Boii was installed on their territory. Their main wealth came from livestock and iron mines that had brought wealth and prosperity. In 52 J. C-. , They supported Vercingetorix. They were defeated at Genabum (Orléans) by Caesar. Vercingetorix pushed to practice the technique of scorched earth. And they destroyed more than twenty oppida but refused the same to their capital, Avaricum (Bourges). Caesar besieged the oppidum, defended by thirty thousand and ten thousand allies Bituriges. The city was taken and burned, only eight hundred soldiers were able to escape, while the garrison and population were massacred. Caesar found abundant reserves which enabled him to spend the winter and prepare for the campaign next spring. However, Bituriges have provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army of the Gallic coalition during the siege of Alesia. Early 51 before J. C-. Caesar led a new campaign in Bituriges who submitted very quickly. A few weeks later, they intervened to Caesar to fight against Carnutes. Caesar (BG. I, 18, VII, 5, 8, 9, 11-13, 15, 21, 29, 75, 90, VIII, 2, 3, 4, 11). Strabo (G. IV, 2). Livy (HR. V, 34, 35). Pliny (HN. , IV. 109). Ptolemy (G. II, 7). Kruta: 68-70, 145, 186-187, 212-213, 240, 334, 344, 360.

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