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bga_692628 - GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Potin au bucrane et au cheval

GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Potin au bucrane et au cheval VF/XF
100.00 €(Approx. 109.00$ | 83.00£)
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Type : Potin au bucrane et au cheval
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Metal : potin
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 2,01 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie ayant conservée de jolis détails au revers, et une très belle patine sombre
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Bucrane accosté de deux esses, une croisette entre les cornes ; un grènetis en descendant d’une corne à l’autre et bourrelet périphérique.


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Cavalier (?) à gauche ; grènetis perlé et bourrelet périphérique.


Monnaie cassée. Ce potin est très rare ; seulement connu par un exemplaire au musée de Zurich et de très rares en collections privées, c’est la seconde fois que nous le proposons à la vente après le bga_364110 de CELTIC 9 et nous n’en avons jamais vu passer d’autre en catalogues !
Le prototype du droit est clairement le potin des Rèmes au bucrane, lui-même inspiré du rare sesterce de Caius Antius Restio frappé vers 45 avant J.-C. Le revers au cheval n’a rien à voir avec l’ours du potin des Rèmes.
Le cavalier supposé n’est pas visible sur le n° 275 de Zurich (lui-même repris en dessin par A. Gaumann pour son n° 176). Le n° 24.5 de H. Patat correspond à notre monnaie, mais le cavalier pourrait n’être qu’une interprétation à partir de globules qui auraient fusé entre eux....

Historical background

Bituriges CUBES (Area of ​​Bourges)

(Second - first century BC)

Bituriges Cubes were one of the most powerful nations of the Celtic. Their territory extended over a portion of Bourbonnais, Touraine and Berry, the current departments of Cher, Indre and part of the Allier. Their capital was the oppidum Avaricum (Bourges). Loire separated Aedui and Carnutes. They also had neighbors Pictones the Lemovices and Arverni. According to the account of Livy, the king of Bituriges Ambigat reigned throughout the unified Gaul in the sixth century before J. C-. and had sent his two nephews, and Bellovesus Sigovesus, one in Italy and one in the East, found the Gallic Empire a century later, extended over Britain, Central Europe (except Switzerland), northern Italy and the greater part of the Danube. Before the Gallic Wars, Bituriges were customers Éduens and a contingent of Boii was installed on their territory. Their main wealth came from livestock and iron mines that had brought wealth and prosperity. In 52 J. C-. , They supported Vercingetorix. They were defeated at Genabum (Orléans) by Caesar. Vercingetorix pushed to practice the technique of scorched earth. And they destroyed more than twenty oppida but refused the same to their capital, Avaricum (Bourges). Caesar besieged the oppidum, defended by thirty thousand and ten thousand allies Bituriges. The city was taken and burned, only eight hundred soldiers were able to escape, while the garrison and population were massacred. Caesar found abundant reserves which enabled him to spend the winter and prepare for the campaign next spring. However, Bituriges have provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army of the Gallic coalition during the siege of Alesia. Early 51 before J. C-. Caesar led a new campaign in Bituriges who submitted very quickly. A few weeks later, they intervened to Caesar to fight against Carnutes. Caesar (BG. I, 18, VII, 5, 8, 9, 11-13, 15, 21, 29, 75, 90, VIII, 2, 3, 4, 11). Strabo (G. IV, 2). Livy (HR. V, 34, 35). Pliny (HN. , IV. 109). Ptolemy (G. II, 7). Kruta: 68-70, 145, 186-187, 212-213, 240, 334, 344, 360.

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