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E-auction 33-11602 - GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Bronze CAMBIL

GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Bronze CAMBIL VF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 40 €
Price : 9 €
Maximum bid : 21 €
End of the sale : 02 December 2013 15:24:30
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : Bronze CAMBIL
Date: c. 60-50 AC.
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 3,25 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Flan large mais droit et revers confus avec une frappe molle et une patine sombre
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée à droite, les cheveux calamistrés retombant en mèches sur la joue ; le cou orné d’un torque.

Reverse


Reverse legend : [CAM-BIL].
Reverse description : Lion courant à droite, rejetant la tête en arrière ; la légende divisée en deux, sous le ventre et entre les deux pattes avant.

Commentary


L'illustration DT. 2600 permet de constater que le dessin du LATOUR 6370 est assez idéalisé, par rapport au centrage et à la qualité de la monnaie qui servit de modèle. La légende CAMBIL est probablement liée à celle des deniers CAM et CAMBOTRE.

Historical background


Bituriges CUBES (Area of ​​Bourges)

(Second - first century BC)

Bituriges Cubes were one of the most powerful nations of the Celtic. Their territory extended over a portion of Bourbonnais, Touraine and Berry, the current departments of Cher, Indre and part of the Allier. Their capital was the oppidum Avaricum (Bourges). Loire separated Aedui and Carnutes. They also had neighbors Pictones the Lemovices and Arverni. According to the account of Livy, the king of Bituriges Ambigat reigned throughout the unified Gaul in the sixth century before J. C-. and had sent his two nephews, and Bellovesus Sigovesus, one in Italy and one in the East, found the Gallic Empire a century later, extended over Britain, Central Europe (except Switzerland), northern Italy and the greater part of the Danube. Before the Gallic Wars, Bituriges were customers Éduens and a contingent of Boii was installed on their territory. Their main wealth came from livestock and iron mines that had brought wealth and prosperity. In 52 J. C-. , They supported Vercingetorix. They were defeated at Genabum (Orléans) by Caesar. Vercingetorix pushed to practice the technique of scorched earth. And they destroyed more than twenty oppida but refused the same to their capital, Avaricum (Bourges). Caesar besieged the oppidum, defended by thirty thousand and ten thousand allies Bituriges. The city was taken and burned, only eight hundred soldiers were able to escape, while the garrison and population were massacred. Caesar found abundant reserves which enabled him to spend the winter and prepare for the campaign next spring. However, Bituriges have provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army of the Gallic coalition during the siege of Alesia. Early 51 before J. C-. Caesar led a new campaign in Bituriges who submitted very quickly. A few weeks later, they intervened to Caesar to fight against Carnutes. Caesar (BG. I, 18, VII, 5, 8, 9, 11-13, 15, 21, 29, 75, 90, VIII, 2, 3, 4, 11). Strabo (G. IV, 2). Livy (HR. V, 34, 35). Pliny (HN. , IV. 109). Ptolemy (G. II, 7). Kruta: 68-70, 145, 186-187, 212-213, 240, 334, 344, 360.

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