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Live auction - bgr_569408 - BITHYNIA - BITHYNIAN KINGDOM - SOCRATES CHRESTUS Tétradrachme

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live-auctionLive starting :
2020/03/10 14:00:00
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Type : Tétradrachme
Date: an 205
Mint name / Town : Nicomédie, Bithynie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 32 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 16,42 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Superbe exemplaire sur un flan large et bien centré. Revers de toute beauté qui a conservé une très grande partie de son coupant d’origine. Coin rouillé au niveau du visage (oeil, nez, bouche) mais très beau portrait. Patine grise de collection
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête diadémée du roi Nicomède IV à droite.


Reverse description : Zeus nu jusqu’à la ceinture, barbu debout à gauche, tenant un sceptre long de main gauche et couronnant le nom de Nicomède de la main droite ; dans le champ à gauche, un petit aigle debout à gauche sur un foudre.
Reverse translation : (du roi lumineux Nicomède an 205).

Historical background

Bithynia - UNITED Bithynia - Socrates chrestos

(93-88 BC)

Socrates is an illegitimate son of Nicomedes III as his half-brother Nicomedes IV. He lives in retirement at Cyzicus and immediately recognizes her brother's accession. While Nicomedes IV married Nysa, daughter of Ariarathes VI of Cappadocia and niece of Mithridates VI of Pontus, Socrates went to Nicomedia and denounces a plot of Nysa to overthrow her husband. Nicomedes grants him the title of Chrestos (the Good). The following year, he went to Rome to claim his inheritance, he is rejected and then returned to Cyzicus. After incredible adventures, he finds himself in Mithridates VI of Pontus who helps to invade Bithynia. Nicomedes fled and will seek justice in Rome (91 BC). Nicomedes recovered by Manius Aquillius. Mithridates seizes Cappadocia. Nicomedes at the head of a large army was defeated by Mithridates and qu'Aquillius and Cassius. Nicomedes refuge in Rome. Mithridates VI invades the province of Asia. It gets rid of Socrates that it is no longer of any use. The first Mithridatic war ended with the Treaty of Dardanus in 86 BC.

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