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E-auction 363-275982 - GALLIA BELGICA - BELLOVACI (Area of Beauvais) Potin “à la cigarette”

GALLIA BELGICA - BELLOVACI (Area of Beauvais) Potin “à la cigarette” VF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 75 €
Price : 23 €
Maximum bid : 30 €
End of the sale : 30 March 2020 14:06:00
bidders : 4 bidders
Type : Potin “à la cigarette”
Date: c. 50-20 AC.
Mint name / Town : Beauvais (60)
Metal : potin
Diameter : 19 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 2,25 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Usure importante mais exemplaire parfaitement identifiable
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête à droite, les cheveux marqués de petits traits ; devant la bouche, sorte de chevron (cigarette).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Flan partagé en deux ; au-dessus, sanglier à droite ; au-dessous, trois chevrons.

Commentary


Ce type dit “à la cigarette”, dans le classement du Nouvel Atlas, appartient à la série “aux chevrons”.
Ce monnayage était antérieurement attribué aux Viromanduens et il faut le restituer aux Bellovaques. Ce type est courant sur le site de Vendeuil-Caply (Oise). Simone Scheers avait répertorié douze exemplaires de ce type dans le Traité. Le revers ne laisse aucun doute, il s'agit bien d'un sanglier. En 1977, dans le Traité, seulement quatre lieux de trouvailles étaient signalés : Condé-sur-Aisne, dans la forêt de Compiègne, à Vendeuil-Caply et dans les environs de Rouen.

Historical background


Bellovaci (Region Beauvais)

(Second - first century BC)

The Bellovaci, people of Gaul Belgium, occupied the present department of Oise. They had for neighbors the Parisii, the Veliocasses the Calètes the Ambiens and Suessiones. Caesar (BG. VII. 59) considers Bellovaci as the "most valiant of all Gaul" tribe. Before the Gallic War, the Bellovaci were allies Éduens. In 57 before J. C-. They were the artisans of the uprising of the Belgian people, furnished a contingent of sixty thousand warriors to the coalition, but were defeated and took refuge on their oppidum Bratuspantium. In 52 J. C-. They promised a contingent of ten thousand men to the relief army. They retracted, claiming only fight the Romans. Finally, the prayer of Commius, they gave two thousand men in the coalition. The following year, before 51 J. C-. They took the last time the head of a revolt of the Belgian people. Correos, bellovaque leader, led the rebellion to fight the Romans with Atrébates the Ambiens the Aulerci Eburovices the Calètes and Veliocasses. With Atrebatian Commios Correos met Roman armies on the borders of countries and Bellovaci Suessiones. Correos was killed which put a definitive end to hostilities. The main oppidum of Bellovaci was Bratuspantium it is difficult to identify with certainty the Roman city of Caesaromagus (Beauvais). Caesar. (BG. II, 4, 5, 10, 13, 14, V 46; VII, 59, 75, 90; VIII, 6, 7, 12, 14-17, 20-23, 38). Strabo (G. IV, 3-5). Pliny (HN. IV, 106). Ptolemy (G. II, 9). Kruta: 68, 351.

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