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bga_238597 - GALLIA BELGICA - BELLOVACI (Area of Beauvais) Bronze au coq, “type de Bracquemont”

GALLIA BELGICA - BELLOVACI (Area of Beauvais) Bronze au coq, “type de Bracquemont” F/AU
80.00 €(Approx. 87.20$ | 66.40£)
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Type : Bronze au coq, “type de Bracquemont”
Date: c. 50-25 AC.
Mint name / Town : Beauvais (60)
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 17,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,03 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Droit très fruste, avec un manque de patine, mais très beau revers avec des reliefs bien nets et une patine sombre
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête casquée de Rome à droite ; derrière, X.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Coq debout à droite, le corps formé d'une tête humaine barbue ; devant et derrière le coq, motif serpentiforme, centré d’un annelet.

Commentary


Le type a parfois été mal classé et interprété. Le dessin du Lambert (pl. 7, n° 35) est repris dans le Traité de Numismatique gauloise d’A. Blanchet en 1905 (fig. 39). S. Scheers ne signalait pas qu’un exemplaire de ce type soit conservé au Cabinet des médailles en 1977 tandis que, trois ans plus tard dans son article (RN. 1980, p. 44), elle renvoyait au numéro 7227 pour ce type. Dans leur inventaire de 1889, Muret et Chabouillet n’avaient pas distingué le masque humain qui orne le poitrail du coq. Ce type est aujourd’hui mieux connu grâce aux travaux de L.-P. Delestrée.

Historical background


Bellovaci (Region Beauvais)

(Second - first century BC)

The Bellovaci, people of Gaul Belgium, occupied the present department of Oise. They had for neighbors the Parisii, the Veliocasses the Calètes the Ambiens and Suessiones. Caesar (BG. VII. 59) considers Bellovaci as the "most valiant of all Gaul" tribe. Before the Gallic War, the Bellovaci were allies Éduens. In 57 before J. C-. They were the artisans of the uprising of the Belgian people, furnished a contingent of sixty thousand warriors to the coalition, but were defeated and took refuge on their oppidum Bratuspantium. In 52 J. C-. They promised a contingent of ten thousand men to the relief army. They retracted, claiming only fight the Romans. Finally, the prayer of Commius, they gave two thousand men in the coalition. The following year, before 51 J. C-. They took the last time the head of a revolt of the Belgian people. Correos, bellovaque leader, led the rebellion to fight the Romans with Atrébates the Ambiens the Aulerci Eburovices the Calètes and Veliocasses. With Atrebatian Commios Correos met Roman armies on the borders of countries and Bellovaci Suessiones. Correos was killed which put a definitive end to hostilities. The main oppidum of Bellovaci was Bratuspantium it is difficult to identify with certainty the Roman city of Caesaromagus (Beauvais). Caesar. (BG. II, 4, 5, 10, 13, 14, V 46; VII, 59, 75, 90; VIII, 6, 7, 12, 14-17, 20-23, 38). Strabo (G. IV, 3-5). Pliny (HN. IV, 106). Ptolemy (G. II, 9). Kruta: 68, 351.

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