Obverse legend : JE JURE FIDÉLITÉ A LA CONSTITUTION ET AUX LOIS DU PEUPLE BELGE - *21 JUILLET 1831* // LEOPOLD I ROI - CONSTITUTIONNEL.
Obverse description : Buste habillé à droite de Léopold Ier.
Reverse legend : LE ROI GARDE SES SERMENTS * LA NATION GARDERA LES SIENS - *1860* // .LES CONSEILLERS PROVINCIAUX AU ROI // DANS LE CHAMP : L’UNION / FAIT LA / FORCE.
Reverse description : Légende en 3 lignes au centre, entouré des 9 blasons des provinces belges, entouré d’une couronne stylisée de feuilles.
BELGIUM - THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM - LEOPOLD I
Leopold (16/12/1790-10/12/1865) is the son of Francis of Saxe-Coburg and Victoria's uncle Napoleon I. He fought in the Russian army. Naturalized British in 1816, he married Charlotte of Hanover and finds himself widowed the following year. Leopold has just refused the crown of Greece when he was elected King of the Belgians 4 June 1831. The following year, he married Louise d'Orléans (1812-1850), daughter of Louis-Philippe. She gives him three children, Charlotte and Leopold II, the unhappy wife of Maximilian of Austria, who was shot in Mexico. He is married to actress Caroline morganatically Bauer he must separate to marry the daughter of the French king. The London Conference of July 1831 rule territorial issues and the Treaty of eighteen articles is accepted by Congress July 9, 1831. Leopold was welcomed triumphantly July 21, 1831. He must fight against the Dutch army and received the nickname "shield of Belgium", safeguarding the independence of the "flat country" in the face of William I of Prussia and France of Napoleon III. It is politically based on England.