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Live auction - bgr_844714 - BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Drachme bilingue

BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Drachme bilingue AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 18% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 200 €
Price : 120 €
Maximum bid : 122 €
End of the sale : 09 July 2024 14:20:38
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Drachme bilingue
Date: c. 160-155 AC.
Mint name / Town : Gandhara
Metal : silver
Diameter : 16 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 2,40 g.
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie idéalement centrée. Joli buste. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse description : Buste casqué avec l’égide et drapé de Ménandre à droite.
Obverse legend : BASILEWS SWTHROS// MENANDROU.

Reverse


Reverse legend : LÉGENDE KHAROSHTHI "MAHARAJASA TRATASARA MENAMDRASA".
Reverse description : Athéna Alkidémos combattant à gauche, casquée et drapée, tenant de la main gauche un bouclier orné de l'égide et brandissant de la main droite un foudre ; derrière, un monogramme.
Reverse translation : (Roi très grand Ménandre).

Historical background


BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER

(165/155-130 BC)

Menander would be, according to O. Bopearachchi, the greatest monarch of Bactria. Originally from Alexandria in the Caucasus, he would have been of royal blood or belonged to the Greek aristocracy. According to Strabo (XI, 11), Menander would have extended Greek power in Bactria by conquering northwestern India. Its capital would have been Sagala which is not yet identified. He would have entered into conflict with Eucratides I, origin of a civil war which would have ruined Bactria. On the death of Eucratides, Menander recovered part of the latter's territories. When he died in 130 BC, the kingdom fell apart.

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