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Live auction - bgr_551583 - BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Drachme bilingue

BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Drachme bilingue AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2019/10/29 14:00:00
bgr_551583
1035
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Type : Drachme bilingue
Date: c. 160-155 AC.
Mint name / Town : Taxila
Metal : silver
Diameter : 16,5 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 2,45 g.
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie idéalement centrée des deux côtés. Très joli buste, bien détaillé, ainsi qu’un beau revers. La monnaie a conservée une partie de son coupant d’origine. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse description : Buste héroïque de Ménandre à gauche diadémé avec l'égide sur l'épaule, tenant une javeline transversale.
Obverse legend : BASILEWS SWTHROS// MENANDROU.
Obverse translation : (Grand roi Ménandre).

Reverse


Reverse legend : LÉGENDE KHAROSHTHI "MAHARAJASA TRATASARA MENAMDRASA".
Reverse description : Athéna Alkidémos combattant à gauche, casquée et drapée, tenant de la main gauche un bouclier orné de l'égide et brandissant de la main droite un foudre ; derrière, un monogramme (B).
Reverse translation : (Roi très grand Ménandre).

Commentary


Drachme bilingue. Quatre exemplaires sont conservés au Cabinet des médailles de la BnF (p. 229, n° 37-40, pl. 27).

Historical background


BACTRIA - Bactrian kingdom - Menander I SOTER

(165/155-130 BC)

Menander is, according to O. Bopearachchi, the greatest monarch of Bactria. From Alexandria of the Caucasus, he was of royal blood or have belonged to the Greek aristocracy. Next Strabo (XI, 11), Menander would have extended to Greek Bactria conquering India northwest. Its capital was Sagala not yet identified. It would come into conflict with Eucratides I, causing a civil war which would have ruined Bactria. On the death of Eucratides Menander recovered part of the territory of the latter. At his death in 130 BC, the kingdom disintegrated.

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