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bgr_551585 - BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Chalque

BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Chalque XF
150.00 €(Approx. 178.50$ | 129.00£)
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Type : Chalque
Date: c. 160-155 AC.
Mint name / Town : atelier incertain
Metal : copper
Diameter : 15 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,73 g.
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire bien centré. Usure régulière. Patine vert foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse description : Tête d’éléphant à droite avec sa trompe et ses défenses ; une clochette suspendue au cou.
Obverse legend : BASILEWS SWTHROS// MENANDROU.
Obverse translation : (Roi très grand Ménandre).

Reverse


Reverse legend : LÉGENDE KHAROSHTHI "MAHARAJASA TRATASARA MENAMDRASA".
Reverse description : Massue d’Héraklès posée vertcialement.
Reverse translation : (Roi très grand Ménandre).

Commentary


Chalque bilingue.

Historical background


BACTRIA - Bactrian kingdom - Menander I SOTER

(165/155-130 BC)

Menander is, according to O. Bopearachchi, the greatest monarch of Bactria. From Alexandria of the Caucasus, he was of royal blood or have belonged to the Greek aristocracy. Next Strabo (XI, 11), Menander would have extended to Greek Bactria conquering India northwest. Its capital was Sagala not yet identified. It would come into conflict with Eucratides I, causing a civil war which would have ruined Bactria. On the death of Eucratides Menander recovered part of the territory of the latter. At his death in 130 BC, the kingdom disintegrated.

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