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bpv_661250 - AUGUSTUS Tétradrachme syro-phénicien

AUGUSTUS Tétradrachme syro-phénicien XF
420.00 €(Approx. 453.60$ | 361.20£)
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Type : Tétradrachme syro-phénicien
Date: an 29
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie, Séleucie et Piérie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 26 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 14,95 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et ovale bien centré. Belle tête de Philippe Philadelphe. Revers bien venu à la frappe. Belle patine de collection ancienne
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête diadémée de Philippe Philadelphe à droite, entouré de la stemma (O’).

Reverse


Reverse description : Zeus assis à gauche sur un trône avec dossier, tenant de la main droite une Niké qui le couronne et un sceptre long de la main gauche ; au-dessus de Zeus, le foudre ; monogramme dans le champ à gauche ; date à l’exergue.
Reverse legend : BASILEWS/ FILIPPOU/ EPIFANOUS/ FILADELFOU, QK (Basilews Filippou Epifanous Filadelfou).
Reverse translation : (Roi Philippe Epiphane Philadelphe/ monogramme d’Antioche et millésime 20).

Commentary


Dans la base TSP maintenue par Michel Prieur, neuf exemplaires sont maintenant répertoriés et il faut noter que sur ce total, quatre sont en musées ou collections publiques (British Museum deux exemplaires, ANS ET Cambridge).

Historical background


AUGUSTUS

(01/16/27 BC - 08/19/14 AD)

Augustus, after Actium and the taking of Alexandria, remains the sole master of the Roman Empire. He gave his powers to the senate in 27 and was honored with the title of august, giving birth to a new political regime: the principate.. The next forty years will be devoted to structuring and consolidating the system put in place by Augustus on the political, economic and cultural level.. He is assisted by Agrippa, who becomes his son-in-law by marrying his daughter Julia in 21 BC.. -VS. and bears him two grandsons, Caius and Lucius. Unfortunately, Agrippa, friend and double, died in 12 BC.. -VS. On the military level, he is seconded first by Drusus then by Tiberius - the two sons of his third wife, Livia. On the cultural level, the arbiter of fashions is Patron. With his epic the Aeneid, new Iliad and Odyssey, Virgil recalls the mythical birth of Rome and exalts the Roman virtues.. With skillful diplomatic and military activity, and despite the disaster of Varus in 9 AD, Augustus fixed the limes on the Rhine-Danubian front, benefiting from the repeated campaigns of Drusus, then Tiberius, and the end of the reign of Germanicus, son of Drusus. The relative peace with the Parthians is materialized by the return of the ensigns and prisoners of Carrhae (53 BC. -VS. ) in 20 BC. -VS. This event has a considerable impact. Augustus also reorganizes the senatorial and imperial provinces. He reserves the administration of Egypt. The last twenty years of his reign are dedicated to the preparation of his succession. One after the other, Agrippa died in 12 BC.. -VS. , Drusus in 9 BC. -VS. , then his two grandsons, Lucius in 2 and Caius in 4. Aged 77, Auguste died in Nola on August 19, 14, leaving the throne to Tiberius, new husband of Julie, already twice widowed.. His hopes also rest on Germanicus while Agrippa Posthumus has been sidelined. After his death, Augustus is deified and the Romans give his name to the eighth month of the year, August (augustus).

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