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brm_768632 - AUGUSTUS As

AUGUSTUS As XF
Not available.
Item sold on our e-shop (2023)
Price : 130.00 €
Type : As
Date: c. 7-3 AC.
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : copper
Diameter : 27 mm
Orientation dies : 4 h.
Weight : 11,43 g.
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie légèrement décentrée. Joli portrait d’Auguste. Usure régulière. Patine marron
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : CAESAR - PONT MAX.
Obverse description : Tête laurée d’Auguste à droite (O*).
Obverse translation : “Cæsar Pontifex Maximus”, (César grand pontife).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ROM ET AVG.
Reverse description : Autel de Lyon.
Reverse translation : “Romæ et Augusti”, (À Rome et à Auguste).

Commentary


As à l'autel de Lyon. Rubans de type 3. Ce type est donc antérieur à la bataille du Teutoburg (9 après J.-C.).

Historical background


AUGUSTUS

(01/16/27 BC - 08/19/14 AD)

Augustus, after Actium and the taking of Alexandria, remains the sole master of the Roman Empire. He gave his powers to the senate in 27 and was honored with the title of august, giving birth to a new political regime: the principate.. The next forty years will be devoted to structuring and consolidating the system put in place by Augustus on the political, economic and cultural level.. He is assisted by Agrippa, who becomes his son-in-law by marrying his daughter Julia in 21 BC.. -VS. and bears him two grandsons, Caius and Lucius. Unfortunately, Agrippa, friend and double, died in 12 BC.. -VS. On the military level, he is seconded first by Drusus then by Tiberius - the two sons of his third wife, Livia. On the cultural level, the arbiter of fashions is Patron. With his epic the Aeneid, new Iliad and Odyssey, Virgil recalls the mythical birth of Rome and exalts the Roman virtues.. With skillful diplomatic and military activity, and despite the disaster of Varus in 9 AD, Augustus fixed the limes on the Rhine-Danubian front, benefiting from the repeated campaigns of Drusus, then Tiberius, and the end of the reign of Germanicus, son of Drusus. The relative peace with the Parthians is materialized by the return of the ensigns and prisoners of Carrhae (53 BC. -VS. ) in 20 BC. -VS. This event has a considerable impact. Augustus also reorganizes the senatorial and imperial provinces. He reserves the administration of Egypt. The last twenty years of his reign are dedicated to the preparation of his succession. One after the other, Agrippa died in 12 BC.. -VS. , Drusus in 9 BC. -VS. , then his two grandsons, Lucius in 2 and Caius in 4. Aged 77, Auguste died in Nola on August 19, 14, leaving the throne to Tiberius, new husband of Julie, already twice widowed.. His hopes also rest on Germanicus while Agrippa Posthumus has been sidelined. After his death, Augustus is deified and the Romans give his name to the eighth month of the year, August (augustus).

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