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Live auction - bgr_408964 - ATTICA - ATHENS Tétradrachme

ATTICA - ATHENS Tétradrachme XF/AU
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Estimate : 750 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 08 November 2016 14:07:46
Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 353- 320/294 AC.
Mint name / Town : Athènes, Attique
Metal : silver
Diameter : 24 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 17,25 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale, globulaire et irrégulier, bien centré des deux côtés. Belle tête d’Athéna au droit, légèrement brouillée. Revers de style fin et de haut relief. Patine de collection ancienne


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête d'Athéna à droite, l'œil vu de profil, coiffée du casque attique à cimier, orné de trois feuilles d'olivier et d'une palmette avec un collier et boucle d'oreille.


Reverse description : Chouette debout à droite, la tête de face ; derrière, une branche d'olivier et un croissant.
Reverse legend : AQE.
Reverse translation : (Athènes).


Oeil vu de profil. Notre exemplaire présente la déformation ultime du motif floral devenu un pi (type 4) en référence aux travaux de Bingen pour notre exemplaire (Flament, op. cit., p. 125 et 127, n° 4). Flan globulaire.

Historical background


(393-323 BC)

After the fall of Athens in 404 BC and the establishment of the oligarchy of the Thirty Tyrants in the Spartan hegemony, the city lost its maritime empire, saw its fleet and confiscated the Long Walls dismantled. Democracy is restored the following year, but Athens is folded on itself. Socrates is forced to absorb the hemlock (399 AC.). Athens takes his place with Conon. It relies primarily on the Persians, then allied with Sparta against Thebes (378 AC.). A new maritime confederation was formed the following year. The Spartans fought to Naxos (376 AC.). Athens sign peace with Sparta and turns against Thebes. From 357 BC, it faces a revolt of his allies and the rise of Philip II of Macedonia, after the Amphipolis. The Athenians were finally defeated at Chaeronea in 338 BC before falling under the Macedonian domination.

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