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fme_893881 - INSURANCES Médaille, Mutualité, La Mutuelle du bâtiment

INSURANCES Médaille, Mutualité, La Mutuelle du bâtiment AU
80.00 €(Approx. 86.40$ | 68.00£)
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Type : Médaille, Mutualité, La Mutuelle du bâtiment
Date: 1924
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 50 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Engraver LEGASTELOIS Julien Prosper (1855-1931)
Weight : 59,47 g.
Edge : lisse + corne BRONZE
Puncheon : corne BRONZE
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène, présentant quelques taches d’oxydation et une petite usure sur les reliefs. Présence de quelques coups
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : LA. MVTVALITE / APPVYEE. SVR. LE. TRAVAIL. ET / L’EPARGNE. ASSVRE. L’AVENIR.
Obverse description : Allégories de l'Epargne, du Travail et de la Mutualité assises de front, une ville en arrière plan, à leurs pieds un relief inscrit en 3 lignes à l’exergue; Signé : J. P. LEGASTELOIS.

Reverse


Reverse legend : MVTVALITE // LA MUTUELLE DU BATIMENT / A / M.R PAUL ROUZE / 1924.
Reverse description : Légende en 4 lignes dans un cartouche, soleil levant au dessus. Signé : J. P. LEGASTELOIS.

Commentary


La médaille est décernée à Monsieur Paul Rouzé.
Il s’agit par ailleurs de l’exemplaire illustrant la version 2002 de Gailhouste sur l’assurance.

Historical background


INSURANCES

Under the Old Regime, insurance was above all maritime. It is a contract by which an individual undertakes to repair the losses linked to a shipwreck, for a certain sum which is paid to him in advance.. Thus, for example, we see that in the 18th century, in Bordeaux, maritime insurance was concentrated in the hands of a few large shipowners such as François Bonnaffé. An order of 1681 leaves the greatest freedom in the relationship between insurers and insured, hence the multiplication of players on the market. Still in Bordeaux, we then see the intervention of Parisian, Dutch and English companies. . . Non-maritime insurance became popular late (middle of the 18th century). They most often offer a guarantee against fire. Example: the general insurance company obtained the privilege of Louis XV in 1753 for the guarantee of maritime trade and to insure houses against fire. In the 19th century, we witness the emergence of countless companies, often specialized in very specific sectors, which will allow the development of the economy by pooling risks.. They are complemented by mutual associations and mutual aid.

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