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fjt_240680 - CLERGY ASSEMBLY AND RELIGIOUS JETONS Louis XVI 1782

CLERGY ASSEMBLY AND RELIGIOUS JETONS Louis XVI AU
240.00 €(Approx. 271.20$ | 204.00£)
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Type : Louis XVI
Date: 1782
Metal : silver
Diameter : 32 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Edge : lisse
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :
F.3982 var. - Guéant - Prieur0744 w -  Florange 55

Obverse


Obverse legend : LUDOVICO XVI. REGI CHRISTIANISS.
Obverse description : Buste à droite de Louis XVI signé B.DUVIV. type Guéant Prieur 0744W.
Obverse translation : Louis XVI Roi très chrétien.

Reverse


Reverse legend : PRO. RE. NAVALI. NAUTARUMQUE. VIDUIS. ET. PUPILLIS. SPONTE. DONA. OFFEREBAT. CLERUS. GALLIC. M. D. CC. LXXXII.
Reverse description : en sept lignes croix rayonnante entre deux fleurs de lys au-dessus.
Reverse translation : Le clergé de France offrait ces dons de sa propre initiative à la Marine et aux veuves et pupilles des marins.

Commentary


Les victimes que le clergé soutient de son don spontané sont celles de la guerre d'Indépendance d'Amérique afin de contribuer à cette tâche nationale. Voir l’ouvrage de Jean Lecompte, “Monnaies et jetons des colonies françaises” pages 190 et 191. Cette variété est celle aux lettres de légendes petites et grasses. C’est cet exemplaire qui illustre le Guéant-Prieur.

Historical background


ASSEMBLY OF THE CLERGY AND RELIGIOUS CHIPS

The Assembly of the clergy is the ecclesiastical institution of the ancien regime France. She enjoys the protection of the King and tax immunity (formulated at the Councils of Lateran III and IV - 1179 and 1215). Two kinds of assemblies are distinguished: small, say "meetings of accounts", bringing together thirty-two Members (two per province) and large assemblies (sixty-four deputies) called to resolve religious issues ( relations with Rome, Protestants, Jansenism, etc..). The last meeting was held in 1788. Biblio:. MOUSNIER R., "The Institutions of France under the absolute monarchy," Paris, 1974, vol. I, p. 284-288;. BLET P.,. "The clergy of France and the monarchy Study on general assemblies of the clergy of France in 1615-1666," 2 vols, Rome, 1959.

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