Obverse legend : LE VICOMTE - DE TURENNE..
Obverse description : Buste cuirassé et drapé d’Henri de La Tour d’Auvergne à gauche, non signé.
Reverse legend : MARECHAL/ DE FRANCE/ M. J675..
Reverse description : En trois lignes sur son tombeau : MARECHAL/ DE FRANCE/ M. 1675. Tombeau avec Mars couché sur un amas d’armes et tenant une petite victoire, non signé.
BULGE - PRINCIPALITY OF SEDAN - HENRI DE LA TOUR D'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne
Born in 1611 in Sedan, Henry was the second son of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon and sovereign prince of Sedan. Small-son by his mother of William the taciturn, he was raised in Protestantism and for the profession of arms, his first regiment entrusted to 14 years in 1625. There is actually his first four years later under the command of his uncle, the Prince of Orange, Frederick Henry. In the good graces of Louis XIII, Gaston d'Orléans and Richelieu, in 1630 he entered the service of France to participate in the Piedmont countryside. Thereafter, he quickly distinguished himself at the siege of Marsal in 1633 or taking Turin in 1640. High birth, with personal qualities and the boiling point of the Thirty Years' War, he quickly rose through the ranks. Close to his men on the ground, brave and lucky, good tactician, Turenne became Marshal of France in 1643 with the support of Mazarin, he won the battle with Condé Nördlingen. It is then all campaigns between 1644 and 1648 and commanded the army of Germany. Consider themselves ill rewarded, he joined the party of the Fronde in 1649 and 1650 after fighting for the Spanish but was defeated at Rethel in 1650. Reconciled with the Court after the departure of Mazarin, Condé it beats the Faubourg Saint-Antoine and book Paris and the King. It is responsible for 1653-1658 to end the Franco-Spanish War. He defeated the Spaniards and Condé at Arras in 1654 and in 1658 Dunes forcing Philip IV to sign the Peace of the Pyrenees. Marshal General of camps and armies of King Louis XIV and educates control during the Wars of devolution and Holland. In 1667, he made the conquest of Flanders three months in 1674, he won victories Sinzheim then Enzheim and finally Turckheim in winter, delivering him Alsace. He was killed by a shot next year Sasbach face Montecuccoli. Louis XIV had him buried in Saint-Denis near the kings of France. In 1800, his remains are transported in the Church of the Invalides. It remains the largest French general Napoleon before him as a follower of warfare.