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E-auction 392-305012 - bfe_626438 - ARDENNES - PRINCIPALITY OF SEDAN - FREDERIC-MAURICE DE LA TOUR D'AUVERGNE Double tournois, type 14 (grande collerette/petite tour en haut du champ)

ARDENNES - PRINCIPALITY OF SEDAN - FREDERIC-MAURICE DE LA TOUR D AUVERGNE Double tournois, type 14 (grande collerette/petite tour en haut du champ) VG
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Estimate : 6 €
Price : 3 €
Maximum bid : 3 €
End of the sale : 19 October 2020 14:48:00
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Double tournois, type 14 (grande collerette/petite tour en haut du champ)
Date: 1643
Mint name / Town : Sedan
Metal : copper
Diameter : 17,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 1,29 g.
Coments on the condition:
Ce double tournois est frappé sur un flan voilé et irrégulier
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : [F. M. D. L. TO(VR]. DVC. D. BVILLON.
Obverse description : Buste de Frédéric-Maurice, tête nue à droite, drapé et cuirassé avec une grande collerette bordée de dentelle.
Obverse translation : (Frédéric-Maurice de La Tour duc de Bouillon).


Reverse legend : + [DOV]BLE. DE. SEDAN. 1643.
Reverse description : Petite tour fleurdelisée en haut d’un champ semé de 5 lis (dont 3 entiers posés 2 et 1).

Historical background



Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne is the son of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne and Elizabeth of Nassau, daughter of William the Silent (1584) and the half-sister of Philip William, Maurice and Frederick Henry of Nassau. Frederick Maurice is also the brother of Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne (1611-1675), the future Marshal Turenne. He was born in Sedan in 1605. At the age of 17 he is the Duke of Bouillon under the tutelage of his mother. Frederick Maurice received a military education from his uncles Maurice and Frederick Henry of Orange, Stadtholder of Holland. Protestant Frederick Maurice abjured converted to Catholicism and married his cousin Eleanor Berg. Fierce opponent Richelieu, he kept up a correspondence with Gaston d'Orléans. He opposed the French monarchy and strengthened its ties with Spain. Like his father, he was a great conspirator. Richelieu had him arrested for taking part in the conspiracy of Cinq-Mars (beheaded in 1642) and he obtained his freedom by renouncing the principalities of Sedan and Raucourt which were attached to the kingdom and occupied by French troops. To save face, he obtained several small manors scattered throughout the kingdom for an amount of six million pounds. Frederick Maurice was initially under house arrest in his Viscount of Turenne before taking refuge in Rome in 1645. He was appointed general of the papal troops. In 1647, Frederick Maurice returned to France where he was one of the main leaders of the Fronde, reviving its relations with the Spaniards. Frederick Maurice supported the King of France when the Court gave him as compensation for his land lost in 1642, the duchy of Château-Thierry, the counties of Auvergne and Evreux, and the title of "foreign prince "who just placed before the dukes and peers of France and immediately after the princes of the blood. He died in August 1652 when he was appointed Superintendent of Finance.

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