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E-auction 545-470014 - bfe_842551 - ARDENNES - PRINCIPALITY OF SEDAN - FREDERIC-MAURICE DE LA TOUR D'AUVERGNE Double tournois, type 13 (grande collerette/grande tour en bas du champ)

ARDENNES - PRINCIPALITY OF SEDAN - FREDERIC-MAURICE DE LA TOUR D AUVERGNE Double tournois, type 13 (grande collerette/grande tour en bas du champ) VF
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Estimate : 50 €
Price : 10 €
Maximum bid : 20 €
End of the sale : 25 September 2023 14:54:40
bidders : 8 bidders
Type : Double tournois, type 13 (grande collerette/grande tour en bas du champ)
Date: 1638
Mint name / Town : Sedan
Metal : copper
Diameter : 19,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 2,34 g.
Coments on the condition:
Double tournois frappé sur un flan irrégulier de manière légèrement décentrée. Patine hétérogène avec la présence de traces d’un ancien nettoyage
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : .F. M. [D. L. TOVR. D]VC. D. BVILLON, (LÉGENDE COMMENÇANT À 12 HEURES).
Obverse description : Buste de Frédéric-Maurice, tête nue à droite, drapé et cuirassé avec une grande collerette bordée de dentelle, le tout dans un cercle lisse.
Obverse translation : (Frédéric-Maurice de la Tour, duc de Bouillon).


Reverse legend : + DO[VBLE. DE. SED]AN. 1638.
Reverse description : Grande tour fleurdelisée en bas du champ semé de 7 lis, le tout dans un cercle perlé.

Historical background



Frédéric-Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne is the son of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne and Elisabeth de Nassau, the daughter of Guillaume le Taciturne (+1584) and the half-sister of Philippe-Guillaume, of Maurice and Frederick-Henry of Nassau. Frédéric-Maurice is also the brother of Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne (1611-1675), future Marshal of Turenne. He was born in Sedan in 1605. From the age of 17 he was Duke of Bouillon under the guardianship of his mother.. Frédéric-Maurice received a military education from his uncles Maurice and Frédéric-Henri, Stadtholder of Holland. Protestant, Frédéric-Maurice abjured and converted to Catholicism by marrying his cousin Éléonore de Berg. A fierce opponent of Richelieu, he maintained a correspondence with Gaston d'Orléans. He opposed the French monarchy and strengthened his ties with Spain. Like his father, he was a great conspirator. Richelieu had him arrested for having participated in the conspiracy of Cinq-Mars (beheaded in 1642) and he only obtained his freedom by renouncing the principalities of Sedan and Raucourt which were attached to the kingdom and occupied by French troops.. To save face, he obtained several small lordships scattered around the kingdom for the sum of six million pounds.. Frédéric-Maurice was initially assigned to residence in his Viscount of Turenne before taking refuge in Rome in 1645. He was appointed General of the Pontifical Troops. In 1647, Frédéric-Maurice returned to France where he was one of the main leaders of the Fronde, renewing his relations with the Spaniards. Frédéric-Maurice supported the King of France when the Court granted him as compensation, for his lands lost in 1642, the duchy of Château-Thierry, the counties of Auvergne and Évreux, as well as the title of "foreign prince "which placed him just before the dukes and peers of France and immediately after the princes of the blood. He died in August 1652 when he was to be appointed Superintendent of Finances.

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