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bgr_420066 - ARCADIA - ARCADIAN LEAGUE Hemidrachme

ARCADIA - ARCADIAN LEAGUE Hemidrachme XF
250.00 €(Approx. 277.50$ | 215.00£)
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Type : Hemidrachme
Date: c. 175-168 AC.
Mint name / Town : Mégalopolis
Metal : silver
Diameter : 14 mm
Orientation dies : 10 h.
Weight : 2,29 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan ovale, bien centré des deux côtés à l’usure régulière. Belle tête de Zeus. Revers de style fin. Patine de collection ancienne
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée de Zeus Lycaios à gauche.

Reverse


Reverse description : Pan nu assis à gauche sur un rocher, levant la main droite et tenant le lagobolon de la main gauche ; dans le champ à gauche, un aigle à gauche, les ailes déployées.
Reverse legend : A-D.

Commentary


Ce type appartient à la dernière phase de monnayage de la Ligue arcadienne avant 168 avant J.-C.

Historical background


ARCADIA - Arcadian LEAGUE

(Fourth - first century BC)

Arcadia was enclosed in the Peloponnese. For more than a century of the sixth century to the late fifth century BC, the Héræens imposed their hegemony over the greater part of Arcadia and thus found the engine of the Arcadian League whose original mint have begun about 510 BC Their capital Lycosura, religious town was considered the world's oldest, founded by Lycaon, in honor of Zeus Lycaios. Heræens chaired the games that were held in the sanctuary of the Mount High School. Arcadia had entered the Spartan orbit around 470 BC The Héræens lost control of the League to 418 BC The Arcadian cities were emancipated Spartan guardianship after the Peace of Nicias in 421 BC But in fact, they will have to wait for the Theban Epaminondas intervention in Arcadia and the foundation of the new federal capital, Megalopolis in 371 BC The Arcadian hopes crumble ten years later at Mantinea where the Theban conqueror is death. Arcadia came under Macedonian domination after the unfortunate attack on the Spartan king Agis III was defeated by Antipater, regent of Alexander III in 331 BC.

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