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E-auction 520-434921 - bby_587133 - ARAB-BYZANTINE Fals

ARAB-BYZANTINE Fals XF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 175 €
Price : 91 €
Maximum bid : 101 €
End of the sale : 03 April 2023 15:37:20
bidders : 8 bidders
Type : Fals
Date: c. 670
Mint name / Town : Émèse
Metal : copper
Diameter : 22,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 4,88 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large parfaitement centré avec les grènetis complets. Beau buste stylisé. Revers bien venu à la frappe. Jolie patine verte et sable
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : INSCRIPTIONS MIXTES GRECQUES ET ARBAES.
Obverse description : Buste couronné de face de l’empereur, vêtu de la chlamyde, tenant le globe crucigère de la main droite.
Obverse legend : K/A/OL/N.

Reverse


Reverse legend : EMI/ CHC, DE CHAQUE CÔTÉ ET À L’EXERGUE EN ARABE.
Reverse description : Grande M stylisée et delta attaché aux jambages du M, surmonté d’un astre à huit rais.
Reverse translation : “Emeshs”, (Hims, Émèse).

Commentary


Exemplaire bien frappé, pour un monnayage généralement très usé, signe d’une intense circulation. Il semble que cette imitation a pour prototype l’un des folles de Constant II, émis à Constantinople entre 651 et 658 (types 5 à 7 de la B.N.). .

Historical background


ARAB-BYZANTINE

(7th-8th centuries)

After the crushing of the Sassanid power, the Muslims swept over the Byzantine Empire less than ten years after the death of Muhammad (+ 632). Heraclius still lived long enough to see Muslim troops invade Syria, Palestine and Egypt. In the fall of 642, Egypt was definitively lost to Byzantium. It seems that the new invaders first kept the Byzantine monetary system of which they imitated the existing coins, which they named fals, distortion of fools. These imitations were manufactured for about fifty years as well as gold dinars, imitation of Byzantine solidi. Ali, fourth and last caliph of the line of Muhammad (he is at the same time his cousin, his foster brother and his son-in-law) sees his power challenged by Mo'awiya, governor of Syria, who has a well-trained army which defeated the Byzantines. Ali is defeated and murdered. The Umayyads, named after Omayya, father of Mo'awiya) established their capital in Damascus, and with them the elective nature of the office of caliph was lost.. The majority of believers, the Sunnis, accept this change. But the Muslims of the "party of Ali" ("shi'at Ali") or Shiites remain attached to the idea that only the descendants of Muhammad can claim the title of caliph, or rather of imam, a word which implies a power by divine right.

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