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bby_587133 - ARAB-BYZANTINE Fals

ARAB-BYZANTINE Fals XF
175.00 €(Approx. 204.75$ | 150.50£)
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Type : Fals
Date: c. 670
Mint name / Town : Émèse
Metal : copper
Diameter : 22,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 4,88 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large parfaitement centré avec les grènetis complets. Beau buste stylisé. Revers bien venu à la frappe. Jolie patine verte et sable
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : INSCRIPTIONS MIXTES GRECQUES ET ARBAES.
Obverse description : Buste couronné de face de l’empereur, vêtu de la chlamyde, tenant le globe crucigère de la main droite.
Obverse legend : K/A/OL/N.

Reverse


Reverse legend : EMI/ CHC, DE CHAQUE CÔTÉ ET À L’EXERGUE EN ARABE.
Reverse description : Grande M stylisée et delta attaché aux jambages du M, surmonté d’un astre à huit rais.
Reverse translation : “Emeshs”, (Hims, Émèse).

Commentary


Exemplaire bien frappé, pour un monnayage généralement très usé, signe d’une intense circulation. Il semble que cette imitation a pour prototype l’un des folles de Constant II, émis à Constantinople entre 651 et 658 (types 5 à 7 de la B.N.). .

Historical background


ARAB-BYZANTINE

(Seventh-eighth centuries)

After the defeat of the Sassanid power, Muslims overran the Byzantine Empire less than ten years after the death of Muhammad (632 +). Heraclius still lived long enough to see the Muslim troops invade Syria, Palestine and Egypt. In fall 642, Egypt is permanently lost to Byzantium. It seems that the new invaders have first retained the Byzantine monetary system which they imitated the existing currencies, they named fals, deformation crazy. These imitations were produced for fifty years and gold dinars, imitation of Byzantine solidi. Ali, the fourth caliph and last of the line of Mohammed (he is both his cousin and foster brother and son) sees her challenged by Mu'awiya, governor of Syria, which has a well-trained army power defeated the Byzantines. Ali is defeated and killed. The Umayyads, named Umayya, Mu'awiya's father) establish their capital in Damascus, and with them is lost the elective nature of the function of caliph. The majority of believers, Sunnis accept this change. But Muslims ("Shi'at Ali") or Shi'a "party of Ali" remain committed to the idea that only the descendants of Muhammad can claim the title of caliph, imam, or rather, a word which implies a power by divine right.

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