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bby_398680 - ARAB-BYZANTINE Fals

ARAB-BYZANTINE Fals XF
150.00 €(Approx. 175.50$ | 129.00£)
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Type : Fals
Date: c. 670-690
Mint name / Town : Damas ?
Metal : copper
Diameter : 19 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 4,68 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan épais bien centré. Droit stylisé. Revers bien venu à la frappe. Patine verte et sable
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection Abdo Ayoub

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Deux empereurs debout de face, couronnés, vêtus de la chlamyde ; au milieu, un croix posée sur deux degrés.

Reverse


Reverse legend : LÉGENDES DÉGÉNÉRÉES.
Reverse description : Grande M stylisée.

Commentary


Le droit n’est pas mal frappé, mais complètement réinterprétré.

Historical background


ARAB-BYZANTINE

(Seventh-eighth centuries)

After the defeat of the Sassanid power, Muslims overran the Byzantine Empire less than ten years after the death of Muhammad (632 +). Heraclius still lived long enough to see the Muslim troops invade Syria, Palestine and Egypt. In fall 642, Egypt is permanently lost to Byzantium. It seems that the new invaders have first retained the Byzantine monetary system which they imitated the existing currencies, they named fals, deformation crazy. These imitations were produced for fifty years and gold dinars, imitation of Byzantine solidi. Ali, the fourth caliph and last of the line of Mohammed (he is both his cousin and foster brother and son) sees her challenged by Mu'awiya, governor of Syria, which has a well-trained army power defeated the Byzantines. Ali is defeated and killed. The Umayyads, named Umayya, Mu'awiya's father) establish their capital in Damascus, and with them is lost the elective nature of the function of caliph. The majority of believers, Sunnis accept this change. But Muslims ("Shi'at Ali") or Shi'a "party of Ali" remain committed to the idea that only the descendants of Muhammad can claim the title of caliph, imam, or rather, a word which implies a power by divine right.

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