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Live auction - bfe_520842 - AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD THE BLACK PRINCE Léopard d'or

AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD THE BLACK PRINCE Léopard d or AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2019/12/03 14:00:00
bfe_520842
1036
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Type : Léopard d'or
Date: s.d.
Mint name / Town : Atelier indéterminé
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 972 ‰
Diameter : 28,5 mm
Orientation dies : 2 h.
Weight : 3,46 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Ce léopard d’or est frappé sur un flan large, légèrement irrégulier et voilé. Reliefs nets sur les deux faces. Petit choc à 8 heures au droit
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : + ED’X PMOX GNISX REGISX ANGLIEX PNCEPSX AQITANI, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX SAUTOIRS SUPERPOSÉS).
Obverse description : Léopard couronné, à grande couronne, la tête de face passant à gauche, la patte droite levée, la queue relevée dans un polylobe, cantonné quatrefeuilles.

Reverse


Reverse legend : + XP’CX VINCITX XP’CX REGNATX XP’CX IMPERAT., (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX SAUTOIRS SUPERPOSÉS).
Reverse description : Croix fleuronnée, cantonnée de quatre léopards passant couronnés, dans un polylobe anglé, accosté de huit quadrilobes évidés.
Reverse translation : (Le Christ vainc, le Christ règne, le Christ commande).

Commentary


Ce léopard d’or, sans lettre d’atelier comme tous ceux du Prince Noir, a probablement été frappé à Bordeaux.

Historical background


AQUITAINE - duchy of Aquitaine - PRINCE EDWARD BLACK

(1362-1372)

Edward the Black Prince (1330-1376) was the eldest son of Edward III Plantagenet and Philippa of Hainault. He made his debut at the Battle of Crécy in 1346 where he was impressed by the chivalrous attitude of John the Blind, King of Bohemia, who preferred to die rather than endure the shame of defeat. It will take to heraldic arms ostrich feathers that were already king of Bohemia. Edward the Black Prince is Aquitaine in 1355 and began a ride in Poitou next year. It crushes the French at Poitiers and captured King John the Good. By the Treaty of Brétigny in May 1360, the independence of Aquitaine is confirmed. Edward is the first prince from 1362. He arrived in Bordeaux in 1363. War resumes with France in 1369. After the first defeats English in Aquitaine, the Black Prince returned to England in 1371 and the following year, waives his principality. He died in 1376. His father Edward III died the following year. It's Richard II, son of the Black Prince, who ascended the throne.

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