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Live auction - bfe_421271 - AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD III OF ENGLAND Guyennois d’or, 3e type

AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD III OF ENGLAND Guyennois d’or, 3e type AU/AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 15 000 €
Price : 11 000 €
Maximum bid : 12 250 €
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 16:03:11
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Guyennois d’or, 3e type
Date: n.d.
Mint name / Town : Atelier indéterminé (Bordeaux ?)
Metal : gold
Diameter : 29,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,88 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Ce guyennois est frappé sur un flan large, légèrement irrégulier et un peu voilé. Exemplaire présentant de hauts reliefs. Petite faiblesse de frappe à 8 heures au droit

Obverse


Obverse legend : ED D GRA REX A-LI-E DO AQVI:T-A-IE.
Obverse description : Le roi debout à droite, en armure, tenant une épée de sa main droite et un bouclier de sa gauche, sous un portique gothique ; les pieds du roi reposant sur deux lions opposés.
Obverse translation : (Édouard, par la grâce de Dieu, roi d’Angleterre, seigneur d’Aquitaine).

Reverse


Reverse legend : + GLA IN EXELCIS: DEO: ET: IN: TCRRA: PAX: HOIBVS, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX ANNELETS POINTÉS SUPERPOSÉS).
Reverse description : Croix fleuronnée portant un quadrilobe évidé en cœur, cantonnée aux 1 et 4 d’un lis, aux 2 et 3 d’un léopard, le tout dans un polylobe (seize lobes).
Reverse translation : (Gloire à Dieu dans les Cieux et paix aux hommes sur Terre, Luc, II-14).

Commentary


Ces guyennois d’or du 3e type sont connus pour Figeac, Poitiers, Limoges, La Rochelle et pour un atelier indéterminé sans différent, comme cet exemplaire, pouvant être de Bordeaux. Les guyennois du 3e type présentent des lis droit en cantonnement de la croix du revers et non pas divergeants comme sur les types 1 et 2.

Historical background


AQUITAINE - duchy of Aquitaine - Edward III of England

(1317-1362)

Edward (1312-1377), eldest son of Edward II and Isabella of France son follows his mother when she joined in rebellion against her husband. When Edward II was overthrown, Edward III, who was already Duke of Aquitaine since 1317, became King of England. He married Philippa of Hainault (1369), the daughter of Count of Hainaut, William. After the death of Charles IV the Fair, his cousin, he paid homage to Philip VI of Valois Aquitaine. In 1330, in England, he runs Mortimer, his minister and his mother's lover. He forces his mother to withdraw (1358). Driven by his cousin Robert d'Artois, he breaks homage for Aquitaine. The Hundred Years' War began in 1337. The French were defeated at Sluys in 1340, and at Crecy in 1346. It takes Calais after a long siege (the famous bourgeois). England is affected by the Great Plague in 1348. After the death of Philip VI, he continues the fight against John II, the beats at Poitiers and taken prisoner. Edward, the Black Prince, became prince of Aquitaine in 1362.

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