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brm_851462 - ANTIOCHIA Demi-follis ou demi-nummus

ANTIOCHIA Demi-follis ou demi-nummus AU
150.00 €(Approx. 162.00$ | 129.00£)
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Type : Demi-follis ou demi-nummus
Date: 311-312
Mint name / Town : Antioche
Metal : copper
Diameter : 15 mm
Orientation dies : 10 h.
Weight : 1,66 g.
Rarity : R1
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie centrée. Jolie représentation du droit. Patine vert foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : GENIO AN-TIOCHENI.
Obverse description : La Tyche d’Antioche vue de face, tourelée, drapée assise sur un rocher ; à ses pieds, L’Oronte, nageant à droite, tournant la tête à gauche.
Obverse translation : “Genio Antiocheni”, (Au Génie d’Antioche).

Reverse


Reverse legend : APOLLONI - SANCTO/ -|A/ SMA.
Reverse description : Apollon debout de face, tourné à gauche, vêtu du chiton et du peplos, tenant une patère de la main droite et une lyre de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Apollini Sancto”, (À l’Apollon saint).

Commentary


Pour cette émission J. Van Heesch a répertorié 96 exemplaires pour les dix officines. J. Van Heesch, Une frappe semi-autonome sous Maximin Daza, RBN, Bruxelles 1975, p. 105-106, n° 3c pl. XI.

Historical background


ANTIOCHIA

(4th century)

Antioch was founded in 300 BC by Seleucus I. It is the capital of the Seleucid kingdom before becoming that of the Roman province of Syria. Syria was annexed by Pompey in 64 BC. Under the Empire, Antioch was one of the most populated cities, with 200,000 to 300,000 inhabitants. A major metropolis of the Roman East, it was also a city threatened by invasions. Parthians then Sassanids threaten or seize the city. It was very early Christianized, like Alexandria. The city, cosmopolitan, is the end point of all the caravans from the East. At the beginning of the 4th century, it successively passed into the hands of Diocletian, Galerius, Maximin II, Licinius I and finally Constantine I..

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