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E-auction 567-508417 - brm_715034 - SEVERUS ALEXANDER Denier

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Estimate : 115 €
Price : 51 €
Maximum bid : 53 €
End of the sale : 26 February 2024 14:20:20
bidders : 8 bidders
Type : Denier
Date: 232
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 500 ‰
Diameter : 19,5 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 3,59 g.
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Flan large, ovale, centré. Très joli buste ainsi qu’un revers bien venu à la frappe. Patine grise avec de légers reflets dorés
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré et drapé d'Alexandre Sévère à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (A*11).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Alexander Pius Augustus”, (L’empereur Alexandre pieux auguste).


Reverse legend : IOVI PROPVGNATORI.
Reverse description : Jupiter debout de face, nu, regardant à droite, jambe droite fléchie, le manteau déployé derrière lui, brandissant de sa main droite un foudre et tenant un aigle de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Propugnatori”, (À Jupiter le protecteur).


Pour différencier ce revers de celui de la quatorzième émission, Jupiter tient un aigle de la main gauche. Buste seulement drapé.

Historical background




Alexander Severus, whose real name is Gessius Bassianus Alexianus, was born in 208 in Caesarea in Phenicia. He is the son of Julia Mamée and Gessius Marcianus, a procurator of Syrian origin. He is also the grandson of Julia Maésa, sister of Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Géta. He was adopted by his cousin Elagabalus on May 10, 221. When the latter was assassinated on March 13, 222, Alexander Severus was chosen to succeed him. He remains under the influence of his mother until the end of her reign. In 225, he married Orbiane who would soon be relegated. From 231, the borders of the Empire are threatened. It was first an expedition against the new Sassanid monarch Ardashir which ended with a truce in 233, the emperor having to go to the Rhine limes which the Germans had crossed. The emperor and his mother were assassinated in 235.

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