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Live auction - brm_360697 - SEVERUS ALEXANDER Denier

SEVERUS ALEXANDER Denier MS
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 450 €
Price : 330 €
Maximum bid : 330 €
End of the sale : 29 September 2015 14:59:14
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Denier
Date: 230
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 500 ‰
Diameter : 20 mm
Orientation dies : 8 h.
Weight : 3,51 g.
Rarity : R2
Officine: 5ème
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale bien centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis visibles. Beau portrait d’Alexandre Sévère. Revers de haut relief. Jolie patine de médaillier avec des reflets mordorés et bleutés acier. Conserve la plus grande partie de son brillant de frappe et de son coupant d’origine
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP SEV ALE-XAND AVG.
Obverse description : Buste d’Alexandre Sévère à droite drapé sur l’épaule gauche (O*2).
Obverse translation : "Imperator Severus Alexander Augustus", (L’empereur Sévère Alexandre auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : P M TR P VIIII - C-OS III P P.
Reverse description : Alexandre Sévère debout à droite, en habit militaire, tenant une haste transversale de la main droite et un globe de la gauche.
Reverse translation : "Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestas undecimum Consul tertium Pater Patriae", (Grand pontife revêtu de la neuvième puissance tribunitienne consul pour la troisième fois père de la patrie).

Commentary


Rubans de Type 2. Petit pan de paludamentum sur l’épaule. Semble beaucoup plus rare que ne le laissent supposer les ouvrages généraux. Il est absent du trésor de Rika Devnia (Marcianopolis, 8444 deniers d’Alexandre Sévère sur 81096 pièces). Le seul exemplaire recensé provient du musée de Bruxelles (RCS. 3/401a). Le seul exemplaire que nous ayons proposé, sans pan de paludamentum, provient de ROME IV, n°127.

Historical background


ALEXANDRE SEVERE

(10/05/221-22/03/235) Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander

August (13/03/222-22/02/235)

Alexander Severus, whose real name Gessius Alexianus Bassianus, was born in 208 at Caesarea Phoenicia. He is the son of Julia and Mamee Gessius Marcianus, a Syrian-born procurator. It is also the grand-son of Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta. He was adopted by his cousin Elagabalus 10 May 221. When the latter was assassinated on March 13 222, it was Alexander Severus, who was chosen to succeed him. It remains under the influence of her mother until the end of his reign. Ulpian was appointed prefect of the praetorium, but it will unfortunately killed by soldiers in 223. In 225 he married Orbiane soon to be relegated. From 231, the borders of the Empire are threatened. It is primarily an expedition against the new Sassanid monarch Ardashir which ended in a truce in 233, the emperor to visit the Rhine limes that the Germans crossed. The emperor and his mother were murdered in 235.

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