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Live auction - bpv_355977 - SEVERUS ALEXANDER Decassaria

SEVERUS ALEXANDER Decassaria AU/XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 750 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 30 June 2015 15:02:58
Type : Decassaria
Date: c. 222-235
Mint name / Town : Apollonis, Lydie
Metal : copper
Diameter : 35 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 22,32 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan très large, ovale, parfaitement centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis complets. Très beau portrait d’Alexandre Sévère. Joli revers de frappe un peu molle à l’usure régulière. Magnifique patine vert clair
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse description : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé d’Alexandre Sévère à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant.
Obverse legend : AUT. KR. K. M. AUR. SEUHROS ALEXANDRO, (Autokrator Kaisar Kaios Markos Aurhlios Seuhros Alexandros).
Obverse translation : “L’empereur César Marc Aurèle Sévère Alexandre”.

Reverse


Reverse description : Hygiée ou Salus (la Santé) debout à gauche, tournée à droite, drapée, tenant un serpent dans ses bras et Asklépios ou Esculape debout à droite tourné à gauche, nu jusqu’à la ceinture, le manteau sur l’épaule, tenant un bâton sur lequel s’enroule un serpent.
Reverse legend : EPI STR AUR - TER-TULLOU GL/UKWNIA-NO-U// APOLLWN/IDEWN (Epi Strathgou Tertullou Glakwnianou).
Reverse translation : (du magistrat stratège Aurelius Tertyllos Gluckonianos).

Commentary


Mêmes coins que les exemplaires de la collection von Aulock (2905, pl. 93)et de la collection Leypold 892.
Le nom de la cité vient de celui de la mère d’Eumène II et d’Attale II de Pergame. La ville était située dans le nord de la Lydie sur le Cissus, affluent de l’Hyllus. Le monnayage débute sous les Flaviens pour prendre fin avec Alexandre Sévère.

Historical background


ALEXANDRE SEVERE

(10/05/221-22/03/235) Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander

August (13/03/222-22/02/235)

Alexander Severus, whose real name Gessius Alexianus Bassianus, was born in 208 at Caesarea Phoenicia. He is the son of Julia and Mamee Gessius Marcianus, a Syrian-born procurator. It is also the grand-son of Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta. He was adopted by his cousin Elagabalus 10 May 221. When the latter was assassinated on March 13 222, it was Alexander Severus, who was chosen to succeed him. It remains under the influence of her mother until the end of his reign. Ulpian was appointed prefect of the praetorium, but it will unfortunately killed by soldiers in 223. In 225 he married Orbiane soon to be relegated. From 231, the borders of the Empire are threatened. It is primarily an expedition against the new Sassanid monarch Ardashir which ended in a truce in 233, the emperor to visit the Rhine limes that the Germans crossed. The emperor and his mother were murdered in 235.

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