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Live auction - brm_420213 - SEVERUS ALEXANDER aureus

SEVERUS ALEXANDER aureus AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 5 000 €
Price : 4 000 €
Maximum bid : 4 000 €
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 14:49:09
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : aureus
Date: 226
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : gold
Diameter : 20 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 6,51 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et irrégulier, idéalement centré avec les grènetis visibles. Le buste est superbe et de haut relief mais la monnaie a reçu un coup important dans le champ du revers et est griffée au droit à 8 heures
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la collection Destombes, acquis dans une vente Bourgey les 17 et 18 juin 1985

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C M AVR SEV - ALEXAND AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé d'Alexandre Sévère à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A*2).
Obverse translation : "Imperator Cæsar Marcus Aurelius Alexander Augustus", (L’empereur césar Marc Aurèle Alexandre auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : P M TR P V - COS - II P P.
Reverse description : Mars casqué marchant à droite, tenant une lance transversale de la main droite et un trophée sur l’épaule.
Reverse translation : "Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestate quintum Consul iterum Pater Patriæ", (Grand pontife revêtu de la cinquième puissance tribunitienne consul pour la deuxième fois, père de la patrie).

Commentary


Rubans de type 3. Ptéryges invisibles sous le paludamentum. Exemplaire issu du même coin de revers que la monnaie du British Museum (n° 352 planche 12).

Historical background


ALEXANDRE SEVERE

(10/05/221-22/03/235) Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander

August (13/03/222-22/02/235)

Alexander Severus, whose real name Gessius Alexianus Bassianus, was born in 208 at Caesarea Phoenicia. He is the son of Julia and Mamee Gessius Marcianus, a Syrian-born procurator. It is also the grand-son of Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta. He was adopted by his cousin Elagabalus 10 May 221. When the latter was assassinated on March 13 222, it was Alexander Severus, who was chosen to succeed him. It remains under the influence of her mother until the end of his reign. Ulpian was appointed prefect of the praetorium, but it will unfortunately killed by soldiers in 223. In 225 he married Orbiane soon to be relegated. From 231, the borders of the Empire are threatened. It is primarily an expedition against the new Sassanid monarch Ardashir which ended in a truce in 233, the emperor to visit the Rhine limes that the Germans crossed. The emperor and his mother were murdered in 235.

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