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fjt_241948 - ACADEMIES AND LEARNED SOCIETIES Société française d’archéologie 1890

ACADEMIES AND LEARNED SOCIETIES Société française d’archéologie AU
Not available.
Item sold on our e-shop (2017)
Price : 28.00 €
Type : Société française d’archéologie
Date: 1890
Metal : red copper
Diameter : 32 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : (corne) CUIVRE
Rarity : R1

Obverse


Obverse description : Armoiries de Brive tourelées sur des cuirs, posées sur une branche de chêne à gauche et une branche de laurier à droite.

Reverse


Reverse legend : SOCIÉTÉ FRANÇAISE D’ARCHÉOLOGIE / FONDÉE EN 1834 ; AU CENTRE CONGRÈS ARCHÉOLOGIQUE DE BRIVE 1890.

Historical background


ACADEMIES AND LEARNED SOCIETIES

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the academies and learned societies contributed to the influence of science, arts and literature throughout France and abroad.. They allow the dissemination of knowledge, then the ideas of the Enlightenment, and include in their ranks the most influential personalities in their field, responsible, among other things, for training future creators and scholars.. In the provinces, they constitute the essential elements of social and cultural life.. They bring together "great" and "beautiful" minds (men of letters, artists and scientists), and are endowed with official institutions (legal and material structures) which ensure their permanence, stability and legitimacy.. They are established by letters patent of the King, and most often placed under the protection of the latter.. Let us cite as an example the Academy of Sciences, Belles-Lettres and Arts of Rouen, created in June 1744 by letters patent of Louis XV. Previously, there were already meetings of botanic friends who formed an unofficial academy. Two men actively worked for the official recognition of this academy: Fontenelle, godfather of the Academy and Le Cornier de Cideville, classmate and friend of Voltaire.. Many members of this Academy are famous: Chardin, Pigalle, Parmentier, Necker, Victor Hugo or Abbé Cochet.. Reading tips: BARRIERE P. , "The Academy of Bordeaux, center of international culture in the 18th century (1712-1792)", Bordeaux, 1951; COUSIN J. , "The Academy of Sciences, Literature and Arts of Besançon" (1752-1952), Besançon, 1954; TAILLEFER M. , "An Academy Interprets Enlightenment. The Academy of Sciences, inscriptions and belles-lettres of Toulouse in the 18th century", Paris, 1984.

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