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E-auction 34-12373 - POLAND - KINGDOM OF POLAND - JOHN III SOBIESKI Quart de thaler ou 18 grozy 1677 Cracovie

POLAND - KINGDOM OF POLAND - JOHN III SOBIESKI Quart de thaler ou 18 grozy 1677 Cracovie VF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 150 €
Price : 31 €
Maximum bid : 38 €
End of the sale : 09 December 2013 16:53:30
bidders : 7 bidders
Type : Quart de thaler ou 18 grozy
Date: 1677
Mint name / Town : Cracovie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 28,1 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 5,68 g.

Obverse


Obverse legend : IOAN. III. D. G. REX. POL. M. D. L. R. PR..
Obverse description : Buste couronné et cuirassé à droite de Jean III.

Reverse


Reverse legend : MON. NOVA. ARG. - REG. POLON. 1677.
Reverse description : Écu sous une couronne coupant la légende en haut, écartelé aux 1 et 4 de Pologne, aux 2 et 3 de Lituanie, sur le tout un écu de Vasa ; de part et d'autre de l'écu 1-8.

Historical background


POLAND - KINGDOM OF POLAND - Jan III Sobieski

(20/05/1674-17/06/1696)

John III (2/06/1624-17/06/1696), son of Jacques Sobieski, Mary married in 1665 Casimire the Barn Arquien (1641-1716) sometimes had a very bad influence on him. He was elected King of Poland after his brilliant victory over the Turks at Khotine and succeeded Michel Wisniowecki in 1674. His victory at Kahlenberg 12 September 1683 freed Vienna besieged by the Turks. Presented as the savior of Christendom and the new Godefroy de Bouillon, he continued the fight against the Turks in Moldavia and Bessarabia, but had to abandon his claim to a large kingdom in Central Europe under Russian pressure, the Treaty of Moscow (1686). He tried to provide for his son Jacques-Louis (1667-1737), the succession to the throne of Poland. He failed in that undertaking. This is Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, who succeeded him on the throne, paving the way for a civil war that only ended with the partition of Poland.

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