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E-auction 411-323535 - LOUIS-PHILIPPE I Médaille de Versailles, Galeries Historiques

LOUIS-PHILIPPE I Médaille de Versailles, Galeries Historiques AU
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Estimate : 200 €
Price : 131 €
Maximum bid : 199 €
End of the sale : 01 March 2021 18:36:00
bidders : 7 bidders
Type : Médaille de Versailles, Galeries Historiques
Date: 1837
Mint name / Town : 78 - Versailles
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 56,5 mm
Engraver CAQUÉ Armand Auguste (1795-1881)
Weight : 76 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène avec des marques d’usure sur les reliefs et un aspect irisé. Présence de quelques coups et rayures


Obverse description : Armoiries de Versailles rayonnantes ; légende en trois lignes.


Reverse description : Vue du Château de Versailles, avec la statue équestre de Louis XIV. Signé : CAQUE F..


La galerie des Batailles est une galerie du musée de l'Histoire de France, située au premier étage de l'aile du Midi du château de Versailles. Sa création fut décidée par le roi Louis-Philippe à la place d’appartements qui avaient été successivement occupés, aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles par d’illustres personnages...

Cette galerie mesure 120 mètres de long sur treize de large et occupe la longueur du premier étage de l’aile du midi, en angle droit avec les appartements de la reine.
La galerie contient de vastes tableaux représentant les grands événements militaires de l’histoire de France. Hormis quelques-uns qui existaient déjà, la plupart ont été exécutés sur commande. Les architectes Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine et Frédéric Nepveu ont créé un décor solennel. Une large corniche soutient une voûte à caissons peints et des entablements supportés par des colonnes corinthiennes scandent la longueur de la galerie. Sur seize tables de bronze sont inscrits les noms des princes, amiraux, connétables, maréchaux, grands guerriers tués ou blessés à mort en combattant pour la France.
Les bustes sont placés sur des gaines entre les tableaux et contre les colonnes.
Les tableaux couvrent quatorze siècles de l’histoire de France, depuis la bataille de Tolbiac, livrée par Clovis en 496, jusqu’à celle de Wagram, remportée par Napoléon Ier en 1809..

Historical background



Born in Paris in 1773, Louis-Philippe was the eldest son of Louis Philippe Joseph, Duke of Orleans (Philippe Egalite), guillotined in 1793 for corruption after having voted the death of his cousin Louis XVI. He wears successively titles of Duke of Valois, Chartres and Orleans from 1793. Favorable to the Revolution, like his father, he must still take refuge in Switzerland and travels in Scandinavia, the United States and finally settled in England in 1801. Restore allows him to find the immense wealth of his family, but is still considered a potential rival by Louis XVIII, who coldly received. Refuge in England during the Hundred Days, he returned to France in 1817. Greedy, he gave his support to the opposition represented by the Liberal Party while relying on high propertied bourgeoisie. The days of 1830 gave him the opportunity to gain power after joining the tricolor and multiplied promises. It is July 31, 1830 Lieutenant General of the Kingdom and the French king on August 7. His reign in a liberal appearance, will become one of the bourgeoisie and the business community while oppositions (legitimists Bonapartist, republican and socialist) are held illegally. Its policy of peace and authority then earned him a certain prestige amongst the European courts. The banker Laffitte Prime Minister. Lafayette is one of the architects of the "bourgeois revolution". March 13, 1831, Casimir Perier replaces Laffitte. France intervenes in Belgium in August 1831 to counter the Dutch. The legitimists with conspiracy Street Prouvaires, trying to establish Henry V as king while his mother tries to raise the Vendée. She was arrested Dec. 3, 1832 in Nantes. Cholera outbreak kills more than ten thousand people in Paris, including Casimir Perier. The funeral of General Lamarque are during a Republican attempted uprising crushed in the blood (cf. Les Misérables). The French occupy Antwerp December 23, 1832. The attack of Fieschi of July 28, 1835 against Louis-Philippe kills eighteen people with Marshal Mortier. The first railway line Paris-Orléans iron and July column are respectively inaugurated October 24, 1837 and July 28, 1840. The year 1840 marked a turning point in the system, a large ministerial instability before the Guizot ministry ("Enrich yourselves!"). Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, after a second coup attempt, was sentenced to life imprisonment and imprisoned in the fortress of Ham he will escape in 1846. Napoleon's ashes are returned to St. Helena and transferred to the Invalides. From 1841, Louis-Philippe of France committed towards the total conquest of Algeria, already begun under Charles X, while develops a major economic boom in Metropolis. A limit law in 1841 child labor in 12 hours. The first serious railway accident took place on the Paris-Versailles line and 45 people May 8, 1842. On July 13, the Duke of Orleans, eldest son of the king, dies accidentally. On 16 May 1843, the Duke of Aumale takes the Abd-el-Kader smala who managed to escape. Bugeaud, Governor of Algeria, is made Marshal. 1843 is also the beginning of the Entente Cordiale and the visit of Queen Victoria in France. The French defeated the Moroccans Isly. Abd-el-Kader went 23 December 1847. Refusal to reform led to the fall of the regime during the Campaign Banquets and Louis-Philippe, dethroned February 24, 1848, took refuge in England after abdicating in favor of his grandson, son. uses cookies to guarantee a better user experience and to carry out statistics of visits.
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