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E-auction 4-580 - bga_148943 - GALLIA - SOUTH WESTERN GAUL - VOLCÆ TECTOSAGES (Area of Toulouse) Drachme “à la tête cubiste”, S. 20

GALLIA - SOUTH WESTERN GAUL - VOLCÆ TECTOSAGES (Area of Toulouse) Drachme “à la tête cubiste”, S. 20 AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 120 €
Price : 34 €
Maximum bid : 50 €
End of the sale : 15 April 2013 17:10:30
bidders : 6 bidders
Type : Drachme “à la tête cubiste”, S. 20
Date: c. 121-52 AC.
Metal : silver
Diameter : 13,99 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 3,02 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Revers complet, mais revers largement décentré. Fine patine gris clair
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête stylisée à gauche avec la chevelure sous forme de mèches ovoïdes (devant le visage, deux dauphins).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Croix bouletée formée de quatre cantons ornés chacun d'une lunule : balle de fronde aux 1er et 4e cantons, une hache au 3e et un pendant en ellipse au 2e canton.

Commentary


Cet exemplaire est caractéristique, avec le pendant en éllipse du droite en guise de boucle d’oreille.

Historical background


GALLIA - SOUTH WESTERN GAUL - VOLCÆ TECTOSAGES (Area of Toulouse)

(2nd - 1st century BC)

The people of the Volques Tectosages (people who seek a roof) are one of the three main components of the Galatians who ravaged Greece and Asia Minor between 281 and 277 BC. -VS. Legend has it that the Volques Tectosages who migrated to Languedoc participated in the sack of Delphi and seized part of the treasures of the temple of Apollo at Delphi (at the origin of the gold of the Tectosages "aurum Tolosanum" ) and transported it to Tolosates (Vieille-Toulouse), their capital. In fact, the Volques Tectosages would come from Bohemia and would have emigrated during the 3rd century AD.. They nevertheless took part in the Danubian expeditions which led the Celts to the coasts of the Aegean, the Bosphorus and the Black Sea.. Mercenaries, they served the Carthaginians during the Punic Wars and were perhaps at the origin of the revolt of the mercenaries which almost took the Phoenician colony. From the Danube, they passed into Cisalpine Gaul (Italy) where they enlisted as mercenaries and are better known under the name of Gesates before passing into Gaul and settling in the South-West, in Aquitaine. The Volques Tectosages were certainly the most powerful people of Aquitaine. Quintus Servilius Cæpio who crushed the Volque coalition in 105 BC. -VS. would have seized "the gold of Toulouse", fruit of the plundering of the temple of Apollo of Delphi that the Tectosages would have repatriated with them before installing it in Tolosa. To have seized this treasure, he would then have known only misfortune! Sources: Cicero (Pro Fonteio 12), Caesar (BG. VI, 24), Strabo (G. IV, 1 and 13), Pliny (HN. III, 33), Ptolemy (G. II, 10), Kruta (71-72, 250-251, 253, 262, 265, 268, 275, 302-304, 306-307, 309-310, 323, 338, 343, 349, 376, 763, 865 ).

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