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Live auction - fwo_453029 - VATICAN - PIUS IX 100 Lire an XXIII 1868 Rome

VATICAN - PIUS IX 100 Lire an XXIII 1868 Rome AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Starting price : 5 000 €
Estimate : 10 000 €
Price : 6 100 €
Maximum bid : 6 100 €
End of the sale : 12 December 2017 18:53:20
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : 100 Lire an XXIII
Date: an XXI
Mint name / Town : Roma
Quantity minted : 440
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 11900 ‰
Diameter : 35 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 32;3 g.
Edge : cannelée
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
L’exemplaire présente peu d’usure et conserve de très beaux reliefs. Il est regrettable que la pièce ait été légèrement nettoyée. Petit coups sur la tranche au revers à 6 heures
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : PIVS IX PONT. - MAX. AN. XXIII.
Obverse description : Buste du Saint-Père, Pie IX à gauche ; au-dessous, signature : C. VOIGT.
Obverse translation : (Pie IX, Grand Pontife, année 23).

Reverse


Reverse legend : STATO PONTIFICIO / 100/ LIRE/ 1868 / R.
Reverse description : au centre dans une couronne composite.
Reverse translation : (États Pontificaux, 100 Lire).

Commentary


C’est la première fois que nous proposons cette monnaie de la plus grande rareté à la vente. Ce type existe aussi pour 1866 et 1869 mais l’année la plus rare est 1868 avec seulement 440 exemplaires frappés.

Historical background


VATICAN - PIE IX (Jean-Marie Mastai Ferretti)

(16/06/1846-7/02/1878)

Pius IX (1792-1878), elected after a vacancy of only fifteen days, with the longest pontificate nineteenth century. After a happy beginning, showing him, or at least a liberal innovative between 1846-1848, the Roman revolution rejects conservatism. After the February Revolution in France, agitation wins all over Europe and even Rome. Given the refusal of Pius IX declared war on Austria, the Republic was proclaimed on February 9 at the instigation of Mazzini and Garibaldi. On June 1, an expeditionary force was sent to Rome to restore order. The French took the city on July 3 and restore Pius IX. It can not prevent Victor Emmanuel II to achieve Italian unity and finds himself isolated from 1861. Rome resists another nine years before falling into the hands of the king of Italy and became the capital in 1870. Pius IX saw the last nine years of his life in considering himself as a prisoner of the Italian power.

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