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fme_564315 - III REPUBLIC Médaille, Les vétérans des Armées de terre et de mer

III REPUBLIC Médaille, Les vétérans des Armées de terre et de mer AU
950.00 €(Approx. 1149.50$ | 817.00£)
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Type : Médaille, Les vétérans des Armées de terre et de mer
Date: 1913
Metal : gold
Diameter : 42 mm
Weight : 18,87 g.
Edge : lisse + OR
Coments on the condition:
Coup sur la tranche à 7 heures

Obverse


Obverse legend : LES VÉTÉRANS DES ARMÉES DE TERRE ET DE MER - (FLEUR) 1870-1871 (FLEUR).
Obverse description : Trophée d’armes composée d’une armure, un heaume posés sur des canons et des drapeaux. Ruban à l’exergue inscrit : OUBLIER...JAMAIS.

Reverse


Reverse legend : (FLEUR) SOCIÉTÉ NATIONALE DE RETRAITES FONDÉE A PARIS LE 1ER JANVIER 1893 // L LEBAUD / 26 MAI / 1916.
Reverse description : Légende gravée en trois lignes au dessus de branches de chêne et laurier.

Commentary


Cette médaille était décernée aux vétérans de 1870-1871, par la Société de Retraites qui fut fondée le 1er janvier 1893. Cet exemplaire est attribué à L. Lebaud le 26 mai 1913. La médaille est composée par une médaille de diamètre 28,5 mm, d’une bélière feuillue, et d’un ruban (d’origine) bleu, blanc et rouge rayé de vert et noir sur les côtés.

Historical background


THIRD REPUBLIC

(4/09/1870-10/07/1940)

The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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