fme_501616 - III REPUBLIC Médaille de récompense, comice agricole
65.00 €(Approx. 70.20$ | 55.90£)
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Type : Médaille de récompense, comice agricole
Mint name / Town : France
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 50,5 mm
Engraver PONSCARME François Joseph Hubert (1827-1903)
Weight : 61,98 g.
Edge : lisse + Corne BRONZE
Puncheon : corne BRONZE
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire dans son écrin de cuir marron. Patine hétérogène avec une petite usure sur les points hauts
Obverse legend : RÉPVBLIQVE * FRANÇAISE.
Obverse description : Tête de la République à gauche, les cheveux libres en arrière, des ailes dans la chevelure. Signé : H. PONSCARME.
Reverse legend : MINISTÈRE. DE. L’AGRICULTURE // COMICE AGRICOLE / DE SALERS / (CANTAL) 1884.
Reverse description : Légende circulaire ; au centre un cartouche inscrit posé sur une palme, un caducée, des épis et une treille de vigne. Signé : H. PONSCARME.
François Joseph Hubert Ponscarme, dit Hubert Ponscarme, né à Belmont-lès-Darney 20 mai 1827 et mort à Malakoff le 28 février 1903, est un sculpteur et médailleur français. C’est le graveur des monnaies d’or de Monaco frappée fin XIXe siècle (20 francs et 100 francs)..
The news of the capitulation of Sedan provokes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hôtel de Ville, the Republic is endowed with a provisional government called the Government of National Defense. Threatened on the left by the insurrection of the Commune and on the right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start.. Initially head of the executive power (February 1871), Thiers was responsible for reorganizing the country before choosing its form of government.. He became President of the Republic in August 1871 and, despite his action to liberate the territory, had to leave his post in March 1873 in the face of royalist opposition.. He is then replaced by Mac-Mahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but this one is not restored following the question of the flag. The law of the septennat was then put in place in November 1873 and then, in 1875, the fundamental laws were passed which served as the Constitution of the Third Republic.. Parliamentary system, it is characterized in particular by the clear preponderance of the legislative power on the executive power. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes school free, secular and compulsory but continues the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. Separation of Church and State was passed in 1905.. The idea of revenge on Germany and significant nationalism are at the heart of the Boulangist crisis, the Panama scandal or the Dreyfus affair of the years 1886-1899, while foreign policy is very active, particularly in Morocco and that the arms race develops. The First World War was expensive for France, which only recovered from 1920 or even 1928 for the currency with the "Poincaré" franc.. The crisis of 1929 is felt only from 1932 but lasts until 1939, a period during which ministerial instability is very important. Wavering in 1934, the Third Republic found a new unitary cement with anti-fascism which enabled the Popular Front to come to power in 1936.. But, paralyzed against Germany, France was then bogged down in a "phony war" and then suffered one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940.. Gathered in the National Assembly in Vichy on July 10, 1940, the Chambers, although elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a sort of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions..
III REPUBLIC Médaille, Union mutuelle des cordonniers et marchands de chaussures XF