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E-auction 446-358898 - fme_707305 - III REPUBLIC Médaille commémorative interalliée de la Victoire, Grande Guerre 1914-1918

III REPUBLIC Médaille commémorative interalliée de la Victoire, Grande Guerre 1914-1918 AU
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Estimate : 40 €
Price : 16 €
Maximum bid : 19 €
End of the sale : 01 November 2021 19:00:00
bidders : 6 bidders
Type : Médaille commémorative interalliée de la Victoire, Grande Guerre 1914-1918
Date: 20/07/1922
Date: (1928)
Quantity minted : 2.000.000
Metal : gilt bronze
Diameter : 94,5 mm
Engraver MORLON Pierre-Alexandre (1878-1951)
Weight : 22,17 g.
Edge : Lisse
Puncheon : corne BR
Coments on the condition:
Présence de coups et rayures


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Victoire ailée et laurée, drapée à l’antique, portant l’épée à droite et tenant dans chaque main tendue des couronnes de lauriers ; Nom du graveur en bas à droite : A. MORLON.


Reverse legend : R - F / LA / GRANDE GVERRE / POVR LA / CIVILISATION / 1914-1918 / -.
Reverse description : Inscription en 6 lignes, avec un bonnet phrygien et couronne civique entre les deux lettres RF. Corne d’abondance BR à l’exergue.


Exemplaire avec sa boîte cartonnée bordeaux.
Diamètre sans bélière ni ruban : 35 mm

Cette médaille, dite “médaille de la Victoire”, a été créée suite à la loi du 20 juillet 1922. Elle concerne tous les militaires ayant servi trois mois entre le 2 août 1914 et le 11 novembre 1918 dans la zone des armées.
Par ailleurs, l'article 10 de la loi de 1920 précise que : Le droit de la médaille est également acquis aux militaires qui ont été tués à l’ennemi ou qui sont morts des suites de blessure de guerre (…) et à ceux qui sont morts de maladies ou blessures contractées en service.
La médaille avait été réclamée par le maréchal Foch, commandant en chef des troupes alliées à la fin de la guerre, qui avait proposé la création d’une médaille commémorative commune à toutes les Nations belligérantes alliées.

source : https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9daille_interalli%C3%A9e_1914-1918 .

Historical background



The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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