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bpv_311667 - TRAJAN DECIUS Tétradrachme syro-phénicien

TRAJAN DECIUS Tétradrachme syro-phénicien AU
480.00 €(Approx. 576.00$ | 412.80£)
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Type : Tétradrachme syro-phénicien
Date: 249
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie, Séleucie et Piérie
Metal : billon
Diameter : 28 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 11,04 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Aucune usure mais surface d’origine partiellement ternie
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire, qui provient de la trouvaille dite de Brandt en avril 1994, illustre le type dans le Prieur et est cité dans le Roman Coins of Antioch de Richard McAlee

Obverse


Obverse description : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Trajan Dèce à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant.
Obverse legend : AUTOK K GAI ME KUIN DEKKIOS SEB.
Obverse translation : (L’empereur césar Caius Messius Quintus Dèce auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : S C À L’EXERGUE.
Reverse description : Aigle debout à gauche sur une palme, les ailes déployées, tête et queue à droite, tenant une couronne feuillée dans son bec.
Reverse legend : DHMARC EX OUSIAS.
Reverse translation : (Revêtu de la puissance tribunitienne / avec l’accord du Sénat d’Antioche).

Commentary


Dans la base TSP maintenue par Michel Prieur, quatre exemplaires sont maintenant répertoriés pour ce type, un seul en musée, à Paris (Fonds Général 827).

Historical background


Trajan Decius

(07/249-06/251) Caius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius

Decius was born in 201 in Lower Pannonia. After a brilliant career that opened the doors of the Senate, he was governor of Lower Moesia under the reign of Alexander Severus. At the end of the reign of Philip, winner of the Danube barbarian hordes, it is proclaimed august despite his refusal. He wrote to Philip, who does not believe and work against him. Philip and his son are killed in the battle that took place near Verona. Decius attached to his name this prestigious, Trajan. After a stint in Rome, Decius went on the Danube limes who deserted leaked Goths ravaging the Danubian provinces which the Emperor was born. It fails to stem the invasion. From 250, a new plague ravaging the Empire, the plague that decimated population and herds and further weakens the limes. He began a persecution against Christians in 250 (Polyeuctes, Corneille). The following year, he focuses on the limes, beats the Goths, but his son is killed. He finds himself wanting to avenge death. He is the first emperor to fall in battle against the Barbarians.

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