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Live auction - bgr_621698 - SYRIA - SELEUKID KINGDOM - TIGRANES Tétradrachme

SYRIA - SELEUKID KINGDOM - TIGRANES Tétradrachme XF/AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2020/12/08 14:00:00
bgr_621698
1044
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Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 89-69 AC
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 28 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 14,75 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Bel exemplaire, centré des deux côtés. Buste à l’usure régulière. Très joli revers, bien détaillé. Patine grise de collection
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
L’exemplaire provient de la vente HD. Rauch des 17/18 novembre 2017, lot n° 102

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste drapé de Tigrane à droite, coiffé de la tiare arménienne ornée d’un astre à huit rais entre deux aigles debout en opposition se faisant face ; le tout entouré de la stemma.

Reverse


Reverse description : La Tyche d’Antioche, tourelée, voilée et drapée assise à droite sur un rocher, tenant une palme de la main droite ; à ses pieds, l’Oronte nageant à droite ; le tout dans une couronne de laurier.
Reverse legend : BASILEW-S/ TIGRANOU/ (AR)/ (HD), (Basilews Tigrranou).
Reverse translation : (du roi Tigrane).

Historical background


SYRIA - Seleucid Kingdom - Tigranes

(83-69 BC)

King of Armenia (97-56 avant J.-C.)

The Antiochéens tired of fratricidal wars that pitted Philip Philadelphus and Antiochus X appealed to the Armenian king Tigranes II. The king of Armenia drove the two competitors. Antiochus X fled to Commagene and Philippe perhaps was killed fighting Tigranes. Aretas took Damascus. Tigranes allied with Mithridates VI of Pontus who was also his father-hereditary enemy of the Romans. In 70 J. C-. , King of Pontus was defeated by Lucullus and was obliged to take refuge in Syria. Antiochus XIII and his brother Seleucus, the son of Antiochus X and Selene, revolted and rallied a part of Syria to their cause. Tigranes besieged and took Ptolemais and had run Selene. Tigranes joined Antioch and met Appius Claudius, the Roman ambassador summoned to deliver up Mithridates, King of Armenia refused. In 69 Lucullus defeated the Armenians and besieged Tigranocerta. Tigranes lost Syria which was given to Antiochus XIII Asiaticus. Pompey, who succeeded Lucullus in the East, signed a peace treaty with Tigranes. Aemilius Scaurus beat Aretas who was expelled from Damascus before 64 J. C-. Pompey declared war against Antiochus XIII he easily crushed and annexed Syria. The following year, Mithridates VI of Pontus committed suicide at age 69.

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