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v16_0010 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Tétradrachme

SICILY - SYRACUSE Tétradrachme VF
MONNAIES 16 (2002)
Starting price : 250.00 €
Estimate : 420.00 €
Realised price : 414.00 €
Number of bids : 3
Maximum bid : 414.00 €
Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 480-475 AC.
Mint name / Town : Sicile, Syracuse
Metal : silver
Diameter : 25 mm
Orientation dies : 5 h.
Weight : 16,33 g.
Rarity : R1
Emission: groupe 3, série 8-11
Coments on the condition:
Bien centré, mais sans grènetis visibles. Faibles traces d’usure et remarquable style archaïsant. Petit manque de métal au droit dans les plis de la victoire. Le champ a été gratté au revers

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Bige au pas à droite, conduit par un aurige tenant les rênes et le kentron ; le bige est couronné par Niké volant à droite.

Reverse


Reverse legend : N RÉTROGRADE ET LÉGENDE MOLLE.
Reverse description : Tête d'Aréthuse à droite, les cheveux relevés et retenus par un diadème de perles, entourée de quatre dauphins.
Reverse legend : SUR-AK-OS-I-ON.

Commentary


Poids léger. Style très caractéristique tant de l’émission que de la statuaire féminine de l’époque. Mêmes coins que l’exemplaire du trésor de Randazzo (n° 354) et que celui de la collection de l’American Numismatic Society (n° 58).

Historical background


SICILY - SYRACUSE

(Fifth century BC)

Hieron I, tyrant of Syracuse (478-467 avant J.-C.)

The government of Syracuse, founded in 733 BC by Corinthian settlers, was assured from 485 BC by Gelon, tyrant of Gela since 491 BC It was a victory Olympics 488 BC (chariot race) and remembered the victory by representing the right of coinage of Syracuse while the reverse was occupied by the head of Arethusa. This nymph, in mythology, residing in Ortygia Island, opposite the city of Syracuse, in the form of a freshwater fountain (Virgil Eclog. IV.1, X.1). Alpheus, a satyr, representing a river god in the Peloponnese, near Phylace in Arcadia, sued Arethusa. In his prayer, Artemis transformed her into one river and the sea nymph allowed to escape the satyr. This legend allowed to explain a hydro-geographical phenomenon: an underground river passes under the sea to lead in Ortigia island. In 480 BC, the Carthaginians invaded Sicily but were defeated by Gelon at Himera. In 478, Gelon died and his nephew succeeded him Hiero.

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