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Live auction - bgr_779864 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Obole

SICILY - SYRACUSE Obole XF
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Estimate : 150 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 24 January 2023 14:02:40
Type : Obole
Date: c. 480-470 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracuse, Sicile
Metal : silver
Diameter : 9,5 mm
Weight : 0,51 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire centré. Usure régulière. Joli portrait. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête féminine à droite avec un cordon perlé dans les cheveux et un collier ; une partie de la chevelure tombant sur la nuque.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Roue à quatre rayons avec un moyeu central.

Commentary


Poids léger. Il s’agit bien d’une obole et pas d’une litra. Ce type pourrait avoir inspiré le monnayage primitif de Massalia (Marseille) à la roue avec les oboles au Lacydon (voir MONNAIES XV, n° 48). Le revers servira de modèle à la litra à la tête casquée (cf. MONNAIES XV, n° 46).

Historical background


SICILY - SYRACUSE

(Fifth century BC)

Hieron I, tyrant of Syracuse

The government of Syracuse, founded in 733 BC by Corinthian settlers, was assured from 485 BC by Gelon, tyrant of Gela since 491 BC It was a victory Olympics 488 BC (chariot race) and remembered the victory by representing the right of coinage of Syracuse while the reverse was occupied by the head of Arethusa. This nymph, in mythology, residing in Ortygia Island, opposite the city of Syracuse, in the form of a freshwater fountain (Virgil Eclog. IV.1, X.1). Alpheus, a satyr, representing a river god in the Peloponnese, near Phylace in Arcadia, sued Arethusa. In his prayer, Artemis transformed her into one river and the sea nymph allowed to escape the satyr. This legend allowed to explain a hydro-geographical phenomenon: an underground river passes under the sea to lead in Ortigia island. In 480 BC, the Carthaginians invaded Sicily but were defeated by Gelon at Himera. In 478, Gelon died and his nephew succeeded him Hiero.

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