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E-auction 357-270217 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Litra

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Estimate : 100 €
Price : 26 €
Maximum bid : 38 €
End of the sale : 17 February 2020 14:01:00
bidders : 6 bidders
Type : Litra
Date: c. après 212 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracuse, Sicile
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 19 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 7,46 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan ovale et épais court sur la légende à l’usure importante, identifiable


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête de Koré (Perséphone) à gauche, couronnée d’épis, les cheveux longs tombant sur la nuque.


Reverse description : Déméter voilée et drapée debout à gauche , tenant une torche allumée de la main droite et un long sceptre de la main gauche.
Reverse legend : [SURAK-OSIWN].
Reverse translation : (de Syracuse).


Pour O. Hoover, ce type serait fabriqué au Ier siècle avant J.-C. Droit et revers rappellent le côté agraire de la Sicile qui fut le premier grenier de Rome avant l’Afrique et l’Égypte.

Historical background


(212-210 BC)

Roman occupation (212-210 avant J.-C.)

After the death of Hiero in 215 BC, his nephew succeeded him, and was nicknamed "the little Hieron" to differentiate it from his august predecessor. The new monarch allied with Carthage and Hannibal who is now in southern Italy Capua. Unfortunately, he will regret this alliance was overthrown the following year and the Republic is restored. This gesture of the new rulers is not sufficient to prevent the Romans to invade Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse. Despite a fierce and support war machines designed by Archimedes, especially incendiary mirrors resistance, the city fell. Marcellus, the Roman Imperator, trying in vain to save the great scientist who was killed by a soldier. Syracuse is plundered. The Romans were masters of the whole of Sicily in 210 BC.

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